Elements: Methods and Compositions

Methods named after elements, atoms and exotic atoms or particles, including official names and many unofficial or historic names

108 Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14-56-16-14-1258-34-58 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BK c

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Element 108 has historically been known as eka-osmium and was called unniloctium (symbol Uno) as a temporary name until the official name was approved. The name hassium was proposed by the German discoverers in 1992, derived from the Latin name for the German state of Hesse where their institute is located. In 1994 a committee of IUPAC recommended that it be named hahnium (Hn), in spite of the long-standing convention to give the discoverer the right to suggest a name. After protests from the German discoverers, the name hassium (Hs) was adopted internationally in 1997

5024 (5472) 108 Surprise Major
A J Cox

M W H 23456
  -   52436
- 2 - 62345
S S   25634
S S   54263
S S   43526
S S   36452
S S - 36245
3   - 23645

Repeat twice, S = 1256 (SM,SW is a 3 lead course where the tenor makes 5ths at the first call)
For 5024 omit the three bobs at middle in the last part

Music (5024): 102 crus inc 20 56s & 16 65s, 12 8756s, 8 7586s, 7685s, 5867s & 6857s, 6 8765s, 5 7568s, 30 LB4
Off front: 4 5678s, 8 6578s, 56 LB4

Rung at Bristol Cathedral, 29 September 1989

Also true to Xenocryst Surprise Major

109 Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-58-1256-78 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: B c

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Element 109 has historically been known as eka-iridium and was called unnilennium (symbol Une) as a temporary name until the official name was approved. The name meitnerium (Mt) was suggested in honor of the Austrian physicist Lise Meitner, a co-discoverer of protactinium (with Otto Hahn), and one of the discoverers of nuclear fission, and was adopted as the official name for this element in 1997.

5152 109 Surprise Major
A J Cox

W  5 4 3 M H 23456
           2 34256
-          2 32546
-      S 3   273546
   S     3 2 63254
SS         - 26354
   S S   2   63425
S          3 23465
S        -   43526
2          - 53246
2          - 23456

Music: 82 crus inc 24 56s & 12 65s, 24 8756s, 40 LB4
Off front: 24 5678s, 18 8765s & 6578s, 6 8756s, 40 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 29 November 1989

These courses are true to all methods with falseness groups from B c YZ

110 Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.16-14-38-36.14.38 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: NS cd

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Element 110 was temporally named ununnilium (Uun) and its official name is now darmstadtium, after the city where it was first synthesized.

5376 (5152) 110 Surprise Major
24 course block (arranged A J Cox)

 B   3 H 23456
 S*  S S 26534
     S S 24563
(SS)   S 24536

Repeat 5 times, omitting S* in parts 1 & 4 and (SS) in first part for 5152. S = 1256.

Music (5152): 95 crus, 8 8765s & 8756s, 28 LB4, tittums
Off front: 8 8765s & 8756s, 4 5678s & 6578s, 30 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 19 September 1990

24-course block with 2 fixed in 2nds place and tenors together, true to GHIKNOPRSU cdef XYZ

Actinium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58.12.58.16-14-58-14-78 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: T c

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Actinium, from aktinos or ray, is the first member of the actinide series. It has symbol Ac and atomic number 89. It was discovered in 1899 by André-Louis Debierne, a French chemist, who separated it from pitchblende residues. Actinium is radioactive with the longest-lived isotope having a half-life of less than 22 years. In nature actinium is produced by the decay of uranium.

5376 (5152) Actinium Surprise Major
A J Cox

5 B 4  H (42536)
S S S* D  26354
       D  23645
S      D  25364
       D  23546

Repeat 5 times, omitting S* in parts 3 & 6
Snap start and finish, S = 1278, D =123456
For 5152 omit the final two calls in one part

Music: 80 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 24 8765s & 8756s, 64 LB4, tittums
Off front: 24 5678s, 6578s, 8765s & 8756s, 64 LB4

Rung at Walkden, 2 July 2009, conducted by George H Campling (composed and first attempted 1986/7)

These courses are true to falseness groups EGIMORST abcdef XYZ

5152 Actinium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 5 3 M  H (42536)
  S      D  46253
      -     26354
  S   2  D  32645
3 S     (D  35264
      2     45362
  S   2     35462
    S -  D) 32546
3          (32546)

Repeat omitting calls in brackets
Snap start and finish, S = 1278, D =123456, other calls 14

Music: 79 crus inc 24 56s & 23 65s, 24 8765s & 21 8756s, 58 LB4, tittums
Off front: 24 5678s & 8765s, 22 6578s, & 8756s, 59 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 February 1987

True le a with falseness groups EGIMORST abcdef XYZ

Actinon Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14-56-1238-34-1238-16-58 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: ab

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Actinon, symbol An, was the name used from the 1920s for the emanation from the decay of actinium. Similar decay products from radium and thorium were named radon and thoron. These gases were actually all different isotopes of the same element, the rare gas now officially called radon (atomic number 86), so actinon is now considered as 216Rn.

5120 Actinon Surprise Major
A J Cox

V I H 6 O W 23456
        3 x 427365
      x -   52364
  -     3   26354
-   x       24365
  2     3   62345
  -     2   32465
    x       43526
  -     3   32546
  2   S     273546
  S7th  -   35426
- -     2   35264
    x       23456

Music: 144 crus, 14 7568s & 7586s, 6 7468s, 4 8765s, 8756s, 32 LB4
Off front: 15 8756s, 14 8765s, 2 5678s & 6578s, 46 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 27 September 1995

True to le h with falseness groups abf YZ, for example, Battersea S Major

5088 Actinon Surprise Major
see composition of 5088 Battersea Surprise Major

Actinouranium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-1456-56-16-34-1258-34-18 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: B a

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Actinouranium is the name given historically to the uranium isotope with mass number 235. It is the only naturally occurring isotope that is fissile and is used as the fuel in many nuclear reactors. U-235 amounts to only about 0.7% of uranium in nature, most is in the form of U-238.

5152 Actinouranium Surprise Major
A J Cox

4 M I W B H   23456
          S   24356
      -   SS  52346
      -   S   43526
  -       S   56324
      -   SS  25364
      -   SS  62354
      -   S   53624
  -       S   64325
      2   SS  42365
      -   S   63425
  - S3rds    (273546)
  2           472536
x             32645
    x     SS  243756
        x    (472536)
  -           273546
S         S   45326
      -   S   23456

Music: 96 crus inc 16 56s & 65s, 18 8765s, 14 7568s, 10 7586s, 6 8756s, 42 LB4, tittums
Off front: 16 8765s & 8756s, 12 5678s & 6578s, 45 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 12 October 1994

These courses are true to all methods with falseness groups from B a Z

Aluminium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-1256-16-12-58.16-34.78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B a

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Aluminium, from alumen or alum, was discover in 1827 and has atomic number 13. It is the most abundant metal and third most abundant element.

5120 Aluminium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W I 5 M 4 H 23456
          2 34256
-     S   S 62345
S - -       23465
  - -       34265
  - -       42365
S         S 63245
      S   2 32546
- S         273546
    S 3     26354
    S 3 S 3 43526
2         - 53246
2         - 23456

Music: 96 crus, inc 24 56s, 65s, 18 46s; 18 8765s, 7586s, 6857s; 6th 11 courses at home, 53 LB4
Off front: 21 8765s, 18 8756s, 15 5678s, 7586s, 8675s, 9 6578s, 7568s, 8657s, 50 LB4

Rung at Todmorden, 28 March 2008

5086 (5152) Aluminium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W I 5  M 4 H (32456)
             S  34256
  -          SS 53246
  -          S  42536
    S3rds       372546
         2 x S  26345
  -          SS 42365
  2        x    537246
    x        S  35264
  -          SS 63254
  2          S  32564
x            S  23645
    x        SS 342756
x               473526
      SS - S S  45236
  -          -  23456

Snap start
For 5152 call S for final bob home, then comes round at snap after wrong.

Music: 95 crus, inc 15 56s, 16 65s, 16 46s; 18 8765s, 14 7568s, 6 2468s inc Queens, 28 LB4
Off front: 15 8765s, 15 8756s, 15 5678s, 9 6578s, 11 6857s, 13 8657s, 32 LB4

Rung (as 5086) at Barrow Gurney, 9 October 1985

True to le d with falseness groups B a Z and -38- start. Also rung to Stannum S Major and Wedding D Major

Aluminum Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-12.58.16-14-58.14-14.38 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: BDK

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Aluminum, the American English name for aluminium, is a silvery white metal. It has the symbol Al, and its atomic number is 13.

5152 Aluminum Surprise Major
A J Cox

I 4 W M B H  23456
  x          647253
2         3  234756
        x   (372546)
      3      372546
  x 2     3  23645
    - -      62534
    2     2  35264
      3   -  23564
    - 2 x 3  23456

Music: 71 crus, inc 21 56s & 3 65s, 21 8765s, 7568s, 7685s & 5867s, 44 LB4, tittums
Off front: 12 6578s & 8756s, 10 8765s, 6 5678s, 47 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 25 July 1990

These courses are true to falseness groups BDK cdf Z

Americium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-58-12-78 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: ac

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Americium (symbol Am, atomic number 95) is a transuranic radioactive chemical element of the actinide series and was named after the continent America by analogy with the element europium above it in the periodic table. Americium was first produced in 1944 by the group of Glenn T Seaborg at the University of California, Berkeley, although its discovery was kept secret until November 1945. Americium is a relatively soft radioactive metal with a silvery appearance. The longest-lived isotope has a half-life of over 7000 years.

5152 Americium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W  5  4 B I M H  23456
              2  34256
        x   - SS 35264
            S    45263
            - SS 25364
   -  x          43625
6       x     -  43256
SS            2  32456
      x     -    745362
   5      2   -  23456

6 = BBSBBS, BSBBSB or SBBSBB, 5 = BBSBB

Music: 87 crus, inc 24 56s & 21 65s, 20 8765s, 15 8756s, 24 7685s, 23 6857s, 21 7586s, 12 5867s, 52 LB4, tittums
Off front: 24 5678s, 20 8765s, 19 6578s, 17 8756s, 48 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 13 January 1988

Also true to Birstall S, Carlton S, Edmundsbury S, Gressenhall S, Premier S, Transuranium S and Tungsten S Major

5024 Americium Surprise Major
see composition of 5024 Tennessine Surprise Major
Music: 70 crus inc 24 56s & 22 65s, 24 8765s, 18 8756s, 4 2468s, 56 LB4, tittums
Off front: 20 5678s & 8765s, 17 6578s & 8756s, 58 LB4, backrounds

Antimony Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36.14-14.38-12-58 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: B c

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Antimony, from antimonos `opposed to solitude', is a lustrous grey metalloid with symbol Sb (from stibium) and an atomic number of 51. Antimony compounds have been known since ancient times and were used for cosmetics. Four allotropes of antimony are known: a stable metallic form, and three metastable forms: explosive, black and yellow.

5152 Antimony Surprise Major
A J Cox

5 I  7 6 O 4 23456
         -   34256
  2      -   32546
  2    S   S 26354
3        -   63254
  SS     2 S 273546
3    S       43526
- S      3   23465
  S          63425
2 -      2   53246
  -      2   23456

6th place calls

Music: 82 crus inc 24 56s & 12 65s, 24 8765s, 40 LB4
Off front: 24 8765s, 18 5678s & 8756s, 6 6578s, 40 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney 3 August 1988 and at Bristol Cathedral, 27 April 1990

These courses are true to falseness groups B c YZ

Argentum Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-38.14-14.58.34-14.58 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B cd

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Argentum is the Latin word from which the chemical symbol for silver (Ag) is derived.

5152 Argentum Surprise Major
A J Cox

B  W M 3  H  (42536)
              42536
   -   SS     34526
   -      -   52346
   2   SS     24356
   -      -   35246
   -      SS  43256
   -   S      56234
   - 3    2   52364
     -        32465
SS   2    -   35264
   -      SS  63254
   -   S      54236
   -      -   23546
   -         (42536)

Snap start and finish. S = 1256

Music: 71 crus, inc 12 56s & 65s, 4 8765s & 8756s, 32 LB4, tittums
Off front: 13 8756s, 11 6578s & 8765s, 9 5678s, 40 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 1 June 1983

These courses are true to falseness groups BGLM bcd XYZ.

Argon Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-38-34-58.16.34-78 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BE a

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Argon, meaning inactive, was discovered in 1894 by Lord Rayleigh and Sir William Ramsey and is the most abundant of the noble gases. It has atomic number 18 and symbol Ar. It represents 0.93% of the Earth's atmosphere. Argon is used to provide an inert atmosphere and in lighting.

5056 Argon Surprise Major
A J Cox

M  3 5 W H 23456
-  S S 2 3 26354
     S     273546
SS   S -   52364
   S S -   36245
   S S     45623
   S S     23564
-  S S 2 3 24365
       -   62345
   S S -   34256 A
   S S     56423
   S S     23645
     A     23456

Music: 123 crus inc 20 56s & 21 65s, 10 8765s, 6 8756s, 30 LB4, tittums
Off front: 12 8765s & 8756s, 8 5678s & 6578s, 41 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 10 October 1979

5120 Argon Surprise Major
see composition of 5120 Magnesium Surprise Major
Music: 69 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 15 8765s, 9 8756s, 7568s, 7468s, 55 LB4, tittums
Off front: 12 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 60 LB4, backrounds

Arsenic Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14.56-58.16-12-38.14-56.18 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B ac

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Arsenic, from the Greek arsenikos meaning male, was first isolated in about 1250 although arsenic compounds had been known since ancient times. It has the symbol As and atomic number 33 and is a metalloid which can exist in several different forms. Arsenic is poisonous to most forms of life but is used in strengthening alloys of copper and lead and as gallium arsenide in semiconductors.

5152 Arsenic Surprise Major
S Humphrey and A J Cox

W 3 M 4 H  23456
        S  24356
-       SS 52346
-       S  43526
  S        273546
    3 S   (43526)
    -   S  56324
-       S  23564
    -   SS 53462
    2   S  25364
-       SS 62354
-       S  53624
    -   S  64325
-       SS 26345
2       S  63425
    -   S  45326
-       S  23456

Music: 90 crus inc 15 56s & 65s, 15 8765s, 7 8756s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 40 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 5678s, 8765s & 8756s, 7 6578s, 37 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 November 1986

These courses are true to falseness groups B ac Z

Astatine Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-38-12-1458.36.12-78 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: B a

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Astatine, from astatos or unstable, is the heaviest halogen known with atomic number 85. It is naturally radioactive and has a maximum half-life of just over 8 hours. It was first produced in 1940 by bombarding bismuth with alpha particles.

5120 Astatine Surprise Major
A J Cox

M I 4 5 W H 23456
- S   S     52364
  x   -     23564 A
  x   -     35264
  S   S - - 52643
- x   -     23645
  x   -     36245
  x   -     62345
- S         472536
3   S   3 3 32546
     A      43652
-         3 63254
-         3 23456

S at I = S 3rds

Music: 144 crus, 15 8765s & 7586s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 32 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 8765s, 13 5678s, 10 6578s, 9 8756s, 37 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 June 1986

Also true to Bectone S, Boron S, Humph S, Iceland Spar S, Lessness S, Polonium S and Uxbridge S

5024 Astatine Surprise Major
see composition of 5024 Polonium Surprise Major
Music: 104 crus, inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s; 15 8765s, 7586s & 6857s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 42 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 8765s & 5678s, 10 6578s, 9 8756s, 58 LB4, backrounds

5120 Astatine Surprise Major
see composition of 5120 Iceland Spar Surprise Major
Music: 136 crus, inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s; 15 8765s & 7586s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 12 6857s, 34 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 8765s, 14 5678s, 10 6578s, 9 8756s, 38 LB4, backrounds

Aurum Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-56-16-12-58.36.12-18 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: B a

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Aurum, is the latin name for gold from which the symbol Au is derived. Gold (atomic number 79) is a highly sought after precious metal and is extensively used in jewellery because of its high malleability

5054 (5152) Aurum Surprise Major
A J Cox

I 4 W M B V  H  (32456)
             S   34256
    -        SS  53246
    -        S   42536
S     2   SS     473526
  x          S   26345
  x              537246
x            S   35264
    -        SS  63254
    2        S   32564
        x       (26345)
    -        SS  42365
    2        S   23645
x            SS  342756
        x       (473526)
      -          372546
  S          S   45236
    -        -   23456

Snap start (2 blows after W). S at I = S 3rds

Music: 95 crus, inc 15 56s, 16 65s, 16 46s; 18 8765s, 14 7568s, 6 8756s, 2468s inc Queens, 26 LB4
Off front: 11 5678s, 8756s, 10 8765s, 8 6578s, 35 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 7 September 1988

Calling S for final bob gives 5152 with snap finish. This composition is a transposition of the 5086 Aluminium S Major composition.

True to le e with falseness groups B a Z and -38- start. Also rung to Morganite S Major

Barium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-1256-36.14-14.58.14-16.58 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: B bd

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Barium from barys meaning heavy or dense, has atomic number 56, symbol Ba and is a member of the alkaline earth family. Although barium minerals were known to alchemists in the middle ages, it wasn't until 1774 that Carl Scheele identified barite as containing a new element although he could only produce barium oxide and not the element itself. Sir Humphrey Davy first isolated barium itself by the electrolysis of molten barium salts in 1808. It is a soft silvery-white metal that rapidly tarnishes in air.

5152 Barium Surprise Major
A J Cox

3  W M B  H  23456
          -  42356
   2      -  32546
   3      -  53246
   -      SS 45236
   -         34256
SS -      -  25346
   -      S  42365
     - SS 3  32564
     -    SS 52463
     - SS 2  23465
       SS S  23456

S = 1256

Music: 120 crus, inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s, 6 7568s, 39 LB4, tittums
Off front: 8 5678s, 6578s, 8765s & 8756s, 55 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 17 March 1987

These courses are true to falseness groups BGL bd XYZ

Berkelium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14-56-36-14-1458-34-58 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: B c

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Berkelium, symbol Bk and atomic number 97, is a transuranic radioactive member of the actinide series. It is named after Berkeley in California, the location of the University of California Radiation Laboratory where it was first synthesised in 1949. It is a soft silvery-white metal and its longest-lived isotope has a half-life of 1380 years.

5088 Berkelium Surprise Major
see composition of 5088 Verrecchia Surprise Major
Music: 102 crus, inc 20 56s & 17 65s, 9 8765s & 8756s, 4 7568s, 30 LB4
Off front: 9 5678s & 6578s, 5 8765s, 7 8756s 40 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 4 September 1985

Beryllium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14.56-58.36.14-14.38-34-58 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: ac

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Beryllium, from the mineral beryl from which it was identified in 1798, is the fourth lightest element and has symbol Be. It is a steel-grey, strong, lightweight and brittle alkaline earth metal and increases hardness and resistance to corrosion when alloyed.

5120 Beryllium Surprise Major
see composition of 5120 Frodsham Surprise Major
Music: 138 crus, inc 23 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s; 2 8765s & 8756s, 7 7568s & 7468s, 36 LB4
Off front: 20 8765s & 8756s, 4 5678s & 6578s, 42 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 24 October 1979

Bismuth Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-58.36.14-58 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: FO c

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Bismuth, symbol Bi and atomic number 83, derives its name from the German wissmuth meaning white mass. Bismuth is a `poor metal' and is brittle with a silvery white colour. It was one of the first 10 metals to be discovered and has been known since the middle ages. It is generally regarded as the heaviest stable element. Bismuth has unusually low toxicity for a heavy metal and so has been used as a replacement for lead.

5376 (5152) Bismuth Surprise Major
A J Cox

M W  H 23456
  -*   52436
  S  - 43256
  S    53246
S S  - 24365
  SS - 32465

Repeat 3 times calling S for -* in alternate parts. Omit SS at W in one part for 5152.

Music (5152): 92 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 20 46s & 45s, 32 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 6578s, 38 LB4

Rung at Huish Episcopi, 30 December 1986

These courses are true to falseness groups FILMOR bc XYZ

Bohrium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-1456-56-38-14-38.56-56.18 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: BD ad

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Bohrium is named after the Danish physicist Niels Bohr, it is element 107 with symbol Bh. Its longest lived isotope has a half-life of only about a minute. Historically element 107 was known as eka-rhenium as it is a heavier homologue of rhenium; more recently it was given the systematic name unnilseptium by IUPAC and the name neilsbohrium was proposed for it by its discoverers, however, after some controversy, bohrium has now been recognised as the official name for element 107.

5120 Bohrium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 5/4 B M H 23456
   x      - 56423
   2      - 56234 A
   2    - 2 32546
3         - 53246
        -   23645
     A      32465
          - 43265
        -   23564
     A      32654
-       -   63425
     -    - 63254
        -   23456

Music: 132 crus, inc 22 56s & 64, 23 65s & 46s, 18 7586s, 6 7568s, 39 LB4, tittums
Off front: 16 8756s, 15 8765s, 4 6578s, 43 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 23 November 1994

Also true to Waterium Surprise Major

Boron Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-38-12-1458-12.36.78 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: B a

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Boron, from the Arabic word buraq or the Persian word burah, which are names for the mineral borax, is a semi-metal with atomic number 5 and the chemical symbol B. Its compounds have been known for thousands of years but it was not recognised as an element till 1808. Like carbon, it can exist is several different forms or allotropes.

5024 Boron Surprise Major
see composition of 5024 Polonium Surprise Major
Music: 104 crus, inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s; 15 8765s, 7586s & 6857s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 41 LB4, tittums
Off front: 16 5678s, 15 8765s, 10 6578s, 9 8756s, 49 LB4, backrounds

5120 Boron Surprise Major
see composition of 5120 Astatine Surprise Major
Music: 144 crus, 15 8765s & 7586s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 31 LB4, tittums
Off front: 14 5678s, 13 8765s, 9 6578s, 7 8756s, 41 LB4, backrounds
Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 November 1987

5120 Boron Surprise Major
see composition of 5120 Iceland Spar Surprise Major

Bromine Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-12-38-14-58-14.36.78 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: B ace

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Bromine, from bromos, or stench, is a member of the halogen family and has atomic number 35 and symbol Br. It was isolated independently by two chemists in 1825–6 and is a fuming red-brown liquid at room temperature with a foul smell. Bromine occurs in nature mainly as bromide salts which are soluble and can be extracted from sea water.

5152 Bromine Surprise Major
Simon Humphrey

W M H  23456
  - S  46352
-   SS 54362
2   S  43652
  - S  62354
-   S  53624
  - S  64325
-   SS 26345
- * SS 42365
-   S  63425
  - S  45326
2   SS 52346
-   S  43526
  - S  56324
-   SS 25364
-   S  63254
  -    23456

Music: 96 crus, inc 16 56s & 65s, 5 7586s & 7468s, 45 LB4, tittums
Off front: 11 5678s & 6578s, 3 8765s & 8756s, 44 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 22 April 1987, starting at snap at *.

Cadmium Surprise Major

PN: &36-56.14.58-58.16-12-38.14-56.18 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: BE c

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Cadmium, with symbol Cd and atomic number 48, is a soft, bluish-white metal in the same group as zinc and mercury. It was discovered independently in 1817 by the Germans Friedrich Stromeyer and Karl Hermann. Cadmium's name is derived from the latin version of calamine (cadmia), a mineral containing mainly zinc carbonate in which it is an impurity and from which it was first isolated. It has been used in batteries, electroplating, yellow pigments, nuclear control rods and solar panels but its use is now decreasing because of its toxicity.

5152 Cadmium Surprise Major
A J Cox

O 7 V 4 6 I  23456
-   3        34256
2         2  52436
-         -  43526
        S   (273546)
    3 S      26354
2         3  32654
-   3 S      273546
  S       -  32546
3         -  24536
2         -  23456

Music: 68 crus, inc 18 56s & 6 65s, 18 8765s, 6 8756s & 7568s, 46 LB4, Queens
Off front: 18 5678s & 8765s, 6 6578s & 8756s, 46 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 23 November 1983

These courses are true to falseness groups BE abcdf XY

Caesium Surprise Major

PN: &38-58.14-12-38.14-14.58.14-34.58 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: B c

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Caesium, with symbol Cs and atomic number 55, is a soft, gold-coloured metal that is quickly oxidised in air and reacts explosively in water. Its name is derived from the Latin caesius, meaning sky-blue, as its salts turn flames blue. It was discovered in 1860 by Gustav Kirchhoff and Robert Bunsen. One of its most important uses is in atomic clocks which give the standard measurement of time. These clocks are a vital part of the internet and mobile phone networks, as well as Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites.

5152 Caesium Surprise Major
Simon Humphrey

M  W  H 23456
      2 34256
   -  2 32546
   -    43526
2  S  2 34265
S  2    46253
-     2 63254
   SS - 26354
2  -    54263
S     - 23465
   S    63425
-  2  - 53246
SS 2  - 23456

Music: 82 crus, inc 24 56s & 9 65s, 15 8765s, 38 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s, 15 8765s, 9 6578s, 6 8756s, 40 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 12 December 1979

Calcium Surprise Major

PN: &58-58.14-58-36.14-14.58.14-12.78 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: ac

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Calcium, from the calx or lime, an oxide of calcium, is the fifth most abundant element in the Earth's crust. It is a soft grey alkaline earth metal with atomic number 20 and symbol Ca. Calcium is essential for living organisms particularly for bones, teeth and shells. Although lime has been known since prehistoric times, calcium itself was not isolated until 1808 by Sir Humphrey Davy.

5152 Calcium Surprise Major
A J Cox

3 4 7  2345678
  - 4  2345867
  2 -  4235678
- - 5  4328765
- - 3  4325678
  - S  4235867
- - 6  4237685
-   2  2345678

4 = SBSB, 5 = BBSBB, 6 = BBSBBS

Music: 55 crus, inc 21 56s & 22 65s, 23 8765s & 22 8756s, 62 LB4, tittums
Off front: 22 5678s & 8765s, 19 6578s & 8756s, 57 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 6 May 1987

True to le a with falseness groups CGIKOR abcdef XYZ (and leads end c and e with calling positions 1 6 7 and 2 5 7, respectively)

Californium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14.56-58.36.14-14.58-56-18 le 18 13527486 (g)
FG: D ac

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Californium, atomic number 98, symbol Cf, is a radioactive metal in the actinide series. It is named after California and was first synthesised at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1950 by bombarding a curium target with alpha particles; its longest lived isotope has a half-life of nearly 900 years. Californium has been produced in measurable quantities and has practical applications as a neutron emitter.

5184 Californium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B H W  23456
  1    42356
    1 (54326)
- 1    54263
  x    25346
  x    32654
  1    63254
    2 (35264)
  1    23564

Repeat twice. x = 16, all other calls 14

Music: 114 crus, inc 19 56s & 65s, 2 8765s, 1 8756s, 40 LB4, tittums
Off front: 14 8765s, 12 8756s, 10 5678s, 6 6578s, 22 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 17 February 1988

Also true to Fermium S Major

Carbon Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36.14-34.58.34.16-58 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: BE ac

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Carbon, from the carbo or charcoal, has been known since prehistoric times and is a non-metal with atomic number 6 and the chemical symbol C. It occurs naturally as diamond, graphite and amorphorous carbon and is present in all organic compounds. Graphite is one of the softest known materials while diamond is one of the hardest.

5024 Carbon Surprise Major
A J Cox

M B H  W  23456
  - 3     35264
  - 3*    56342
  - 1     56423
1         46325
    1     34625
       1 (23645)
    3     23645
1      1 (46532)
    1     54632
1         64235
    1     26435  A
       1 (32465)
    3     32465

Repeat. 3* is omitted in the first part.
`A' may also be called B 3H 43526, B 3H 32465 but both parts must be called the same.

Music: 105 crus, inc 18 56s & 65s, 20 46s, 15 64s, 2 8765s & 8756s, 36 LB4
Off front: 14 8765s & 8756s, 55 LB4, backrounds
With alternative A block: 107 crus, inc 20 56s & 65s, 19 46s, 15 64s, 2 8765s & 8756s, 32 LB4
Off front: 16 8765s & 8756s, 57 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 8 October 1987

Also true to Mercury S Major

Cassiopium Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.16-56-36-14-38.16-12.78 le 12 17856342
FG: B d

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Cassiopium, after the constallation cassiopeia which is named after the vain queen Cassiopeia in Greek mythology, was a name proposed by the Austrian mineralogist Baron von Welsbach for element 71 (now lutetium) when he claimed its discovery in 1907 as an impurity in the mineral ytterbia which had previously been thought to consist of purely ytterbium. However, its discovery was also claimed by a French scientist, Georges Urbain, and an American chemist Charles James. In 1909, the priority for discovery was finally granted to Urbain and his name (lutecium, which changed to lutetium in 1949) was adopted as the official one. The name cassiopium (or cassiopeium) for element 71 was used by many German scientists until the 1950s.

5152 Cassiopium Surprise Major
A J Cox

3  M W H  23456
       -  42356
S  -      36254
SS 2      46352
S    - 2  43526
     3 -  54326
   - 3    34625
   2 - S  25364
   2   SS 45263
   -   S  25346
     - S  42365
       2  23465
       S  23456

S = 1256

Music: 79 crus inc 24 56s & 21 65s, 12 8765s & 8756s, 64 LB4, tittums
Off front: 18 8765s & 8756s, 6 5678s & 6578s, 62 LB4, backrounds

These courses are true to falseness groups BL d XYZ

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 11 April 2014

Cerium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-1258-14-18 le 18 13462857

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Cerium, named after the asteroid ceres and the Roman goddess of agriculture, was discovered in 1803 and has symbol Ce and atomic number 58. It is the most abundant of the rare-earth elements and is a soft, silvery, ductile metal which easily oxidizes in air. Cerium compounds have many uses including in catalytic convertors, precision polishing, pigments and alloys.

5088 Cerium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M B I V W H 23456
2         2 32654
        2   53624
2   -   2   62453
2       1 1 52364
2 S   S 2   23564

Repeat twice

Music: 144 crus, 12 8765s & 8756s, 24 LB4
Off front: 8 5678s, 2 8765s, 6 6578s, 52 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 30 July 1986

Chlorine Surprise Major

PN: &56-56.14-56-38.14-14.38-16-58 le 18 18674523 (k)
FG: ac X

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Chlorine, from chloros, after its pale green colour, is a member of the halogen family and is a gas at room temperature. Its symbol is Cl and its atomic number 17. Chlorine commonly occurs as salt (NaCl) and the gas was synthesised in the mid 17th century but not properly categorised until 1774; and it was not till 1809–10 that it was actually recognised as a new element and not a compound.

5152 Chlorine Surprise Major
see composition of 5152 Sedgemoor Surprise Major
Music: 128 crus, inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s, 16 8765s & 8756s, 20 5867s, 34 LB4, tittums
Off front: 22 8765s, 18 5678s, 12 6578s, 6 8756s, 49 LB4, backrounds
Rung at Barrow Gurney, 20 May 1987

Chromium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-58.36.14-58 le 18 13527486 (g)
FG: FO c

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Chromium, from chroma meaning colour because many of its compounds are brightly coloured, is a bright silvery metal. It has symbol Cr and atomic number 24. Chromium metal was first isolated in 1797 by Louis Vauquelin from the mineral crocoite. Chromium plating provides a shiny corrosion-resistant surface and chromium compounds are often used as pigments.

5376 (5152) Chromium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V O I  23456
  - SS 34256
  - S  52346
S   S  42365
  - S  63425
    -* 32465

Repeat 3 times calling S for -* in alternate parts. Omit SS at I in one part for 5152.

Music (5152): 92 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 20 46s & 45s, 32 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 6578s, 38 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 1 May 1985

These courses are true to falseness groups FILMOR bc XYZ

Cobalt Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-16-14-58.34-14.38 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: B cd

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Cobalt, is derived from the German kobold meaning goblin or evil spirit as its ores often contained arsenic and gave off poisonous fumes when smelted. Cobalt was discovered by the Swedish chemist Georg Brandt in about 1735 and has atomic number 27 and symbol Co; it is a hard lustrous silver-grey metal. Cobalt's blue salts have been used to colour porcelains, tiles and enamels for centuries

5152 Cobalt Surprise Major
see 5152 Phlogiston Surprise Major
Music: 71 crus, inc 12 56s & 65s, 4 8765s & 8756s, 32 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 13 6578s, 11 8756s, 9 8765s, 42 LB4, backrounds
Rung at Barrow Gurney, 6 November 1985

5024 Cobalt Surprise Major
see 5024 Plutonium Surprise Major
Music: 73 crus, inc 16 56s & 16 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 34 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 6578s, 8765s & 8756s, 47 LB4, backrounds

5056 Cobalt Surprise Major
see 5056 Cassiobury Surprise Major
Music: 86 crus, inc 24 56s & 18 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 34 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s, 15 6578s, 8765s & 8756s, 49 LB4

5152 Cobalt Surprise Major
see 5152 Butleigh Surprise Major
Music: 72 crus, inc 16 56s & 12 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 36 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 6578s, 8765s & 8756s, 44 LB4, backrounds

5184 Cobalt Surprise Major
see 5184 Cassiobury Surprise Major
Music: 80 crus, inc 18 56s & 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 38 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 6578s, 8765s & 8756s, 53 LB4

Columbium Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.14-12-36.14-34.58-14-18 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: BD cd

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Columbium, after Columbia the poetic name for America, with symbol Cb, was the name originally given to element 41 by its discoverer, Charles Hatchett, in 1801. Subsequently there was considerable confusion over the difference between columbium and the closely related element tantalum, and when element 41 was rediscovered by the German chemist Heinrich Rose, he called it niobium. The two names were used, with the states favouring columbium, and europe niobium, until 1949/50 when, despite the chronological precedence, niobium was recognised as the official name for element 41.

5024 Columbium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B M W 4 I H 23456
    3     2 34256
  -         24653
2         - 45362 A
  -       - 23564
          2 35264
     A      23645
    2   x - 342756
x           473526
  2   x     34625
    -     2 36245
     A      23456

Music: 69 crus, inc 19 56s & 5 65s, 6 8765s, 3 7568s, 36 LB4
Off front: 11 8765s, 10 5678s & 6578s, 9 8756s, 30 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 15 November 1989

Copernicium Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.14-12-16-12-58.16-16.38 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BDG a

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Copernicium, with symbol Cn, is the provisional name for element 112. The name is expected to be officially endorsed by IUPAC in January 2010. Atoms of this element were first made at GSI Darmstadt in 1996 by bombarding zinc ions onto a lead target. It is named after the Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) who formulated a scientifically-based heliocentric cosmology that displaced the Earth from the center of the universe.

5088 Copernicium Surprise Major
A J Cox & BYROC

M 3 B 5 W H 23456
  S   S - - 34562
    x     S 43625
S S   S     24365
    x     - 24653
    x S -   342765
-   x S   - 24536
S       - S 35642
    x       54326
-   x       42356

Repeat twice

Music: 77 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 14 46s, 7 64s, 18 7658s, 33 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 5678s & 6578s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 51 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 29 October 2009

5088 Copernicium Surprise Major
BYROC

M 3 B 5 W H 23456
  S   S - - 34562
    x     S 43625
S S   S     24365
    x   -   54263
    x     S 45632
-       - S 32654
    x       25346
-   x       54326
-   x       42356

Repeat twice

Music: 85 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 14 46s & 64s, 37 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 5678s & 6578s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 52 LB4, backrounds

Copper Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14-56-36-14-1458-12-58 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: B ac

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Copper, atomic number 29, symbol Cu from Cuprum, derived from the ancient name for Cyprus where it was mined, was known to early man. With gold it is one of only two coloured metals. It is a ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. Pure copper is rather soft and malleable and it occurs alloyed in most gold jewellery and silverware. Copper is alloyed with zinc to form brass and with tin in bronze and bell metal.

5056 Copper Surprise Major
see composition of 5056 Erythrite Surprise Major
Music: 108 crus inc 18 56s & 65s, 12 8765s, 6 8756s, 6 7568s, 28 LB4
Off front: 8 5678s, 8765s, 6 6578s, 2 8756s, 42 LB4

5056 Copper Surprise Major
see composition of 5056 Iodine Surprise Major
Music: 108 crus inc 18 56s & 65s, 12 8765s, 6 8756s, 6 7568s, 28 LB4
Off front: 8 5678s, 8765s, 6 6578s, 2 8756s, 42 LB4
Rung at Barrow Gurney, 8 February 1989

Cuprum Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14.56-56.38-14-38.14-14.38 le 18 18674523 (k)
FG: R ac

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Cuprum is the latin name for copper (q.v.) and the name from which its symbol (Cu) is derived.

5376 (5152) Cuprum Surprise Major
A J Cox

I  V  O 23456
      S 24356
      - 43256
S  S  - 32645
   SS S 36245
SS    - 62345
S  S  - 23564

Repeat twice. Omit SS at V in 2nd part for 5152

Music (5152): 144 crus, 8 7468s, 7685s, 5867s, 32 LB4, tittums
Off front: 12 5678s, 4 8756s & 6578s, 32 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 12 March 1986

True to falseness groups GR bc XYZ and many methods with `a' falseness

Curium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14-56-36-12-38-14-78 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: B c

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Curium, symbol Cm and atomic number 96, is a transuranic radioactive metal. It is named after Pierre and Marie Curie in recognition of their work on radioactivity. It was first intentionally produced in 1944 at the University of California, Berkeley and can be produced by bombarding uranium or plutonium with neutrons in nuclear reactors. It is a hard, dense, silvery metal with relatively high melting and boiling points. The known isotopes have half-lives ranging between 160 days and 15 million years.

5152 Curium Surprise Major
A J Cox

O V 4 6 I  23456
-       2  53246
-       2  43526
  -     S  23465
3       S  63425
  2   S   (273546)
  3 S      26354
-       SS 63254
2 3 S      273546
 S7ths  -  32546
2       -  34256
2          23456

Music: 68 crus inc 18 56s & 12 65s, 18 8765s, 6 8756s & 7568s, 4 2468s, 42 LB4
Off front: 24 8765s, 18 5678s, 12 8756s & 6578s, 40 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 20 April 1988

These courses are true to falseness groups B c YZ

Darmstadtium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36.14-14.58.16-16.38 le 12 18763524

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Darmstadtium, formerly known as Ununnilium, has the symbol Ds and atomic number 110. It is a super-heavy element whose isotopes have very short half-lives. It was first created in 1994 at GSI, Darmstadt, by bombarding a lead target with nickel ions.

5376, 5152 Darmstadtium Surprise Major
Roger Baldwin

W  M H 23456
     - 42356
S  S 3 62345
S  S 3 52364
SS S   42365
S  S   52346
S    - 34256
     S 32456

Repeat. Omit SS at wrong in one part for 5152

Music: 120 (116 in 5152) crus, inc 24 56s & 16 65s, 8 8756s, 26 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s, 10 8765s, 8 6578s, 6 8756s, 33 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 23 October 2003

Deuterium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-16-56-1238-14-58-16-78 le 12 17856342
FG: B ac

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Deuterium (symbol D) is the isotope of hydrogen with a nucleus consisting of a proton and one neutron, it is also called `heavy hydrogen'. The other isotopes are protium (normal hydrogen, no neutrons, H) and tritium (two neutrons, T). Deuterium is stable and accounts for one atom in 6420 of naturally occurring hydrogen. It was discovered and named in 1931 by Harold Urey, earning him a Nobel Prize in 1934. The nuclear fusion of deuterium and tritium, to form an alpha particle and a neutron, is accompanied by the release of an enormous amount of energy and this reaction has been used in thermonuclear weapons.

5216 Deuterium Surprise Major
A J Cox

4 M 5 3 W B H  23456
  -       x   (35426)
        -   -  42356
  -         2  26354
   (S          273546
S              43526
      S       (273546)
  3 S)  -   -  35264
  -       x   (56234)
        -   -  23564

Repeat twice omitting calls in brackets

Music: 84 crus, inc 14 56s & 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 5 7568s & 7468s, 34 LB4
Off front: 21 5678s, 16 8756s, 15 8765s, 2 6578s, 36 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 21 February 1990

Didymium Surprise Major

PN: &-36.58.14.58-58.36.14-14.58.14.36-78 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: EN d

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Didymium was discovered in cerite from Bastnas, Sweden by Carl Mosander in 1841 and wrongly believed to be an element. It was not until 1874 that Per Teodor Cleve deduced that didymium was made up of at least two elements and later, in 1885, Carl Auer von Welsbach succeeded in separating salts of these elements, which were soon named praseodymium and neodymium. Today didymium is used in safety glasses and photographic filters as it blocks part of the orange region of the spectrum.

5376 (5152) Didymium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B M 3 4 H (25364)
  S x   S  43265
x     x    736254
      x    43625
x   x      45263

Repeat five times, omitting S at M in 3rd & 6th parts.
Snap start and finish, S = 1234, x = 1256.
Omit both x at 4 in one part for 5152.

Music (5152): 44 crus inc 18 56s & 12 65s, 18 8765s, 10 8756s, 16 7568s, 66 LB4, tittums
Off front: 18 8765s & 5678s, 12 8756s, 10 6578s, 66 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 22 August 1990

These courses are true to falseness groups CEGIMNORS bdef XYZ

Dubnium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14-12-16-12-1238-16-38 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: B cf

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Dubnium has the symbol Db and is now the official name for the element with atomic number 105. It is a super-heavy element whose isotopes have short half-lives, the longest known being 28 hours. It was first tentatively reported in 1968–1970 by Russian scientists at JINR, Dubna and again in 1970 by American scientists at Berkeley. Historically element 105 was called eka-tantalum, the Russians proposed neilsbohrium and the Americans hahnium so IUPAC adopted a temporary systematic name, unnilpentium, until the controversy could be resolved. In 1994 joliotium was proposed as a compromise but eventually, in 1997, dubnium was formalised as the official name.

5088 Dubnium Surprise Major
Stanley Jenner

M I/V B W H 23456
-     -   - 43526
        2   32546
   2        53246
-         3 23645

Repeat twice

Music: 90 crus, inc 15 56s & 65s, 9 8765s & 8756s, 9 LB4
Off front: 4 8765s & 8756s, 1 5678s & 6578s, 34 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 16 November 1994

5088 Dubnium Surprise Major
BYROC

M I/V B W H 23456
        -   52436
   x        24536
-  SS       32465
-     2   - 26354
        - - 35264
   SS   -   26543
-  SS   - - 63425
-  x    - - 42356

Repeat twice

Music: 87 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 16 46s, 18 8765s & 8756s, 13 LB4
Off front: 3 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 47 LB4

Dysprosium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-16-14-1458-12-78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B c

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Dysprosium from dysprositos meaning hard to get at, is a silver rare-earth metal; it has atomic number 66 and symbol Dy. It was first identified by the French scientist P-E Lecoq de Boisbaudran by separating it from ores also containing erbium, holmium and thulium. Though it was not until the 1950s that relatively samples were prepared by ion-exchange techniques. Dysprosium is used in control rods in nuclear reactors because of its ability to absorb neutrons.

5152 Dysprosium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 3 M 4 H 23456
        - 42356
    S   S 63254
S   -   3 23465
    2   - 25364
    3   2 53264
S       S 62354
    S   - 34256
-       2 32546
- S       273546
      S   43526
- S       374526
      S   24536
- S       472536
      S - 53246
2       - 23456

Music: 64 crus, inc 13 56s & 65s, 9 8765s, 3 8756s, 40 LB4, tittums
Off front: 21 8765s, 15 5678s, 6578s & 8756s, 41 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 25 September 1979

These courses are true to falseness groups B c YZ

5152 Dysprosium Surprise Major
see 5152 Up Hatherley Delight Major
Music: 66 crus, inc 22 56s & 6 65s, 12 8765s, 40 LB4
Off front: 24 8765s, 18 5678s, 12 6578s & 8756s, 41 LB4, backrounds

Einsteinium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14-56-38.14-14.38-36.14.38 le 18 13527486 (g)
FG: abc X

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Einsteinium is a synthetic element with symbol Es and atomic number 99 and is named after Albert Einstein. It was first detected in the debris from a nuclear explosion at Eniwetok (now Enewetak) in the Pacific after tons of radioactive coral from atolls in the blast area were sifted and examined. It is a silvery-white radioactive metal with isotopes having half-lives ranging from 20 to 472 days.

5152 Einsteinium Surprise Major
A J Cox

O I H 8/6 23456
- 2       53246
-     SS  46253
    x     24365
2   x     43526 A
      SS  26354
3   x     32465
-   x     32546
2 - x     23645
3     SS  45362
    A     23456

Music: 144 crus, 8 7568s, 4 7468s, 26 LB4
Off front: 8 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 44 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 October 1979

5152 Einsteinium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V O I H 8/6 23456
  3   x     42635
    2       34625
3   -   SS  35264
- - -       36452
2     x     24365
  3   x     32546
S6ths       472536
3  S7ths   (32546)
    3   SS  46253
- - -       45362
2     x     23456

Music: 80 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 12 8765s, 8756s, 7568s, 7586, 7685s, 5867s & 6857s, 43 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s, 11 8765s, 9 6578s, 8 8756s, 46 LB4

Also true to Ich Dien S, Philip S, Praseodymium S, Queen Camel S, Terrific S and Wednesday S.

Erbium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-1458.36.12.36.18 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: cf

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Erbium is a member of the lanthanide series of rare-earth metals and has symbol Er and atomic number 68. It was discovered at Ytterby in Sweden in 1843 by Carl Mosander and is silvery white in pure form. Erbium was used to give a pink colour to ceramics and is important to some laser applications.

5376 Erbium Surprise Major
A J Cox

1 6  7  2345678
- S (3) 2347865
S    3  2347685
S S  3  2345867
- S  S  2436785
-    3  2436578

Repeat, calling (3) only in the 2nd part

Music: 72 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 24 8765s, 16 8756s, 7 7568s, 34 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 8765s & 6578s, 11 8756s, 57 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 28 November 1984

Europium Surprise Major

PN: &-34-16-56-38.14-14.38-34-78 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: D ad

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Europium, atomic number 63 with symbol Eu, was discovered in 1896. It is the most reactive of the rare earth elements and is used in control rods within nuclear reactors because it can absorb more neutrons than any other element.

5056 Europium Surprise Major
see composition of Tavistock Surprise Major

Music: 116 crus, inc 20 56s & 65s, 21 46s, 17 64s, 48 LB4
Off front: 10 8765s & 8756s, 2 5678s & 6578s, 32 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 3 February 1982

Fermium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36.14-14.58-56-18 le 18 13527486 (g)
FG: D c

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Fermium, atomic number 100 with symbol Fm, is named after Enrico Fermi, a nobel prize winning American–Italian physicist. It is a highly radioactive metallic transuranic element and was first isolated from the debris of the first H-bomb test in 1952.

5184 Fermium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V B I H W  23456
      1    42356
        2 (25346)
      2    53246
  - -      463725
1 -     1 (25463)
  -     1 (35264)
      1    23564

Repeat twice. 4ths place bobs

Music: 72 crus, inc 13 56s & 11 65s, 50 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 8756s, 12 8765s, 11 6578s, 6 5678s, 27 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 14 November 1979

5088 Fermium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V B I M H W  23456
        1    42356
          1 (54326)
    -        425763
1         1 (24536)
  -     1    24365
        x    32546
        1    53246
  - - 1      362745 
1       1    23564

Repeat twice. x = 16, other calls 14

Music: 93 crus, inc 16 56s & 15 65s, 39 LB4
Off front: 16 8765s, 12 8756s, 8 5678s, 3 6578s, 18 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Okehampton, 17 December 1994

5184 Fermium Surprise Major
BYROC

B M H W  23456
-   1    23564
-   2    62345
- 1   1 (56342)
- 1   1 (25346)
    1    32546
-   1    32465
-   1    32654
  1      62453
- 1   1 (36452)
    1    43652
-   1    43526
-   2    24365

Repeat. 4ths place bobs

Music: 83 crus, inc 21 56s & 65s, 3 8765s & 8756s, 46 LB4
Off front: 12 8765s & 8756s, 6 5678s & 5678s, 28 LB4

Also true to Californium S Major

5088 Fermium Surprise Major
BYROC

V O I H 23456
S -     34652
2 - - x 62354
  -     23654 *
-     x 24635
- S S x 43625
  -     36425
- - S   23564

Repeat twice. 6th place calls. May also be started from *

Music: 102 crus, inc 19 56s & 15 65s, 38 LB4, tittums
Off front: 14 8756s, 12 8765s & 6578s, 4 4678s, 46 LB4

5184 Fermium Surprise Major
see composition of Californium Surprise Major

Music: 87 crus, inc 14 56s & 15 65s, 48 LB4, tittums
Off front: 14 8765s, 12 8756s, 10 5678s, 6 6578s, 22 LB4, backrounds

Ferrum Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-38-14-58.36.14.56.78 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BKN a

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Ferrum is the latin word for iron from which its symbol, Fe, is derived. Iron has atomic number 26 and is a common metal forming much of the Earth's core.

5184 Ferrum Surprise Major
A J Cox

M I/V B  W  23456
   x     -  53246
   x    (-  43526
   x        35426
-     -     52436
   x     -) 32546
   2     -  45236
-  x     -  35264
   2        23564

Repeat twice, omitting calls in brackets in 2nd part

Music: 144 crus, 7 7468s, 4 7568s, 20 LB4
Off front: 10 8756s, 7 8765s, 1 5678s & 6578, 40 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 5 February 1986

Flerovium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-12.38-12-58-14.36.78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: BE c

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Flerovium (element 114, symbol Fl) is named after the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions at Dubna, where superheavy elements, including element 114, were synthesized. The production of flerovium has been inferred by bombarding curium or plutonium targets with calcium ions and identifying the decay processes.

5152 Flerovium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 3 5 M 4 H  23456
          2  34256
-         2  32546
-         3  43526
- S          374526
    S 3   3* 36452
    S 3 S    24536
-         -  53246
-     -      25634
3     2      45236
-     *   -  23456

Music: 62 crus inc 24 56s, 24 8765s, 61 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s & 8765s, 9 6578s & 8756s, 52 LB4

3* can be omitted and 3M added at * (63 crus, 56/48 LB4)

Rung (with 3M at *) at Winford, 14 September 2012

These courses (either version) are true to falseness groups BE abcdf XY

Fluorine Surprise Major

PN: &-38-1456-1256-16-34-58-14-78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B c

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Fluorine, from fluere meaning to flow, was discover in 1771 and has atomic number 9. It is a halogen and the most reactive of the non-metals.

5056 Fluorine Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W 3 5 M 4 H 23456
            2 34256
  -     S   S 62345
  S         3 42365
  S         S 63245
        S   2 32546
  - S         273546
S -     -     326754
x             273564
S     S 3     26354
      S 3 S   43526
  2         - 53246
  - S       - 537246
   In -   S   45236
  -         - 23456

Music: 99 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 19 46s, 8 64s, 18 8765s, 6 8756s & 2468s inc Queens, Whittingtons, 40 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 8765s, 12 8756s, 6 6578s, 44 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 November 2007

5150 Fluorine Surprise Major
A J Cox

W I 5 M 4 H (32456)
          2  24356
-     S   S  63245
S         3  43265
S         S  62345
      S   2  23546
- S          372546
    2 3   2  52364
    -     -  357246
- x - 3 S    42536
2         -  52346
2         S  23456

Start at snap (2 blows after W). S at I = S3rds

Music: 106 crus inc 24 65s, 23 56s & 46s, 20 64s, 18 8765s, 6 8756s, 4 2468s inc Queens, 42 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 8765s & 8756s, 9 6578s, 52 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 17 October 1984

Francium Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-38.14-34.58-16-78 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BDK a Y

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Francium (symbol Fr, atomic number 87), from France, is the heaviest member of the alkali metal series and although it had long been postulated and known as eka-caesium, it was not conclusively `discovered' till 1939. It is highly radioactive with the most stable isotope having a half-life of only 22 minutes but occurs as part of the decay processes of uranium and thorium. There were many attempts to claim the discovery of this element (names suggested included russium, alkalinium, virginium and moldavium) but none were substantiated till Marguerite Perey of the Curie Institute in Paris studied the decay of actinium-227 and found a product exhibiting alkali metal properties.

5184 Francium Surprise Major
A J Cox

I B V W 23456
  x   - 53246
  x     32546
  -     24365
  x   - 64235
-   -   42635
  x     26435
  x   - 36245
  x     62345
  x     23645

Repeat twice. x = 16, - = 14

Music: 144 crus, 6 7568s, 5 7468s, 30 LB4, tittums
Off front: 3 8765s & 8756s, 30 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 9 November 1983

Gadolinium Surprise Major

PN: &34-38.14-12-38.14-14.38-36.14.78 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BDK ce

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The name gadolinium, is derived from one of its minerals, gadolinite, which was named after the Finnish chemist, John Gadolin. Gadolinium was first detected spectroscopically in 1880 by de Marignac and the metal isolated by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886. It has symbol Gd and atomic number 64 and is a silvery-white, malleable and ductile rare-earth metal.

5024 Gadolinium Surprise Major
P G K Davies and A J Cox

M B W H 23456
- 2 -   65324
  x - - 64523
    -   26543
  x 2 - 24365
- x - - 32465
- x - - 43265
-       23564
- 4 2 - 25346
- x - - 32546 A
- x - - 53246
-       23645
   A    23456

Music: 94 crus inc 14 56s & 17 65s, 29 LB4, tittums
Off front: 9 5678s, 7 6578s, 6 8756s, 3 8765s, 29 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 4 July 1979

5088 Gadolinium Surprise Major
BYROC

M 3/5 B W H 23456
-     x - - 42356
      x     25463
- SS    - - 53624
      x     32546
-     x     24536
      x     43265
  SS    2 - 35264
-     x - - 23564

Repeat twice

Music: 120 crus inc 24 56s & 16 65s, 20 LB4, tittums
Off front: 5 5678s, 7 6578s, 4 8756s, 7 8765s, 29 LB4

Gallium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-1256-16-14-1258-16-78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: BK Y

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Gallium, from gallia an old name for France has symbol Ga and atomic number 31. It was discovered in 1875 by French chemist Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran although it had been predicted earlier by Mendeleev. Gallium is a soft silvery poor metal which melts in the hand but has a high boiling point. Gallium arsenide and gallium nitride are widely used in microelectronic components.

5152 Gallium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W I V M 4 H  23456
x           3  35264
      - 3      372546
      2 3 x    427365
  3 x         (23456)
  3       x    647253
    x         (42635)
  2         3  23645
  -            42635
x           3  23456

Music: 72 crus inc 18 56s & 6 65s, 18 8765s, 7568s, 7685s & 5867s, 6 8756s & 7468s, 45 LB4, tittums
Off front: 11 6578s & 8756s, 5 5678s & 8765s, 40 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 13 August 1986 (a transposition of a composition rung to Long Ashton S Major in 1983)

These courses are true to falseness groups BCK a YZ

Germanium Surprise Major

PN: &56-56.14-56-36-14-58-14.36.78 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: ace

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Germanium, from germania the latin name for Germany, has symbol Ge and atomic number 32. It is a lustrous, hard, grayish-white metalloid in the carbon group. It was first isolated in 1886 by the german chemist Clemens Winkler although its presence had been predicted earlier by Mendeleev. Germanium is used as a semiconductor in transistors and various other electronic devices.

5152 Germanium Surprise Major
A J Cox

I O  23456
  x  35264
  2  23564 A
  x  36245
  2  23645
3 x  34256
2 -  32546
3 A  32654
  x  25346
  -  53246
- 2  23456

x = 14, all other calls 16

Music: 144 crus, 12 7568s, 7685s & 7586s, 35 LB4
Off front: 19 5678s & 6578s, 5 8765s & 8756s, 42 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 May 1983

True to all methods with lead orders h, k & m and falseness groups abcdef XYZ

Glucinium Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-36-12-58-16-58 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: B a

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Glucinium, or glucinum, symbol Gl, was a name used for beryllium. The name is derived from the Greek word glykys which means "sweet" and alludes to the sweet taste of some of its salts.

5152 Glucinium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M I B 4 W H  23456
          S  24356
        - SS 52346 A
        - S  43526
-         S  56324
        - S  23564
     A       64325
        -    26345
        - SS 42365
        - S  63425
- S          273546
2     x      32645
  x       SS 243756
    x        472536
-     S   S  45326
        - S  23456

Music: 96 crus inc 16 56s & 65s, 15 8765s, 13 7568s, 9 8756s, 39 LB4, tittums
Off front: 18 5678s, 16 8765s & 8756s, 6 6578s, 39 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 27 December 1989

These courses are true to falseness groups B a Z

Gold Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14-56-36.14-14.58.14.36-78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: BE ce

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Gold, whose name which is derived from the old English word geolo meaning yellow, has been known since prehistoric times. It has atomic number 79 and its symbol (Au) is from its latin name aurum. It is a bright slightly reddish yellow colour and is dense, soft, malleable and ductile. It is one of the least reactive elements and is often found in its native form. It is a valuable and highly sought-after precious metal and used for coinage, jewellery and valuable objects.

5152 Gold Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W M H 23456
  - -   42635 A
  2   3 23645
   A    23564
  - - 3 52436
  -   - 43526
    -   53624
2     - 32465 B
x     - 32654
   B    25634
    - - 46532
x       63425
    - 2 35426
  -   3 23456

Music: 74 crus inc 14 56s & 12 65s, 8 8765s, 10 8756s, 38 LB4, tittums
Off front: 11 5678s, 9 8765s, 7 8756s & 6578s, 37 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Bristol Cathedral, 15 February 1980

5152 Gold Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 3 5 M 4 H 23456
3     2   - 26354
    S - S   24536
3 S         374526
      2     273546
    S 3   2 63254
      -   - 42356
3         - 34256
3     3   - 23456

Music: 60 crus inc 18 56s & 6 65s, 18 8765s, 6 8756s & 7568s, 4 2468s, 38 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 8765s, 39 LB4

These courses are true to falseness groups BE abcdef XYZ

Hafnium Surprise Major

PN: &34-38.16-56-16.34-14.58-14-38 le 18 14263857 (mx)
FG: BDK

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Hafnium is a shiny, silvery, ductile metal that is corrosion-resistant and chemically similar to zirconium; it has atomic number 72 and symbol Hf. Hafnium was one of the last two non-radioactive elements to be discovered, and although it was predicted to exist by Mendeleev, it was not correctly identified until Coster and von Hevesy used x-ray sprectroscopic analysis on samples of zircon at Copenhagen in 1923. They named the element after the Latin name for Copenhagen, hafnia. Hafnium has a great appetite for absorbing neutrons and is used in control rods in nuclear reactors.

5120 Hafnium Surprise Major
Dennis Knox

M B W H 23456
      1 42356 *
    1 2 43526
1     2 36524 A
    1 2 35264
   2A   26435
2 2   1 63425
    2 2 24365
  -   2 62453
  - 1   32654
  -   2 53246
  -   2 45362
  2   2 25634
  - 2 1 23456

Music: 91 crus inc 17 56s & 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 24 LB4
Off front: 2 5678s, 3 6578s, 51 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 28 March 1980

Starting at the course-end marked * gives more fewer crus (83) but more LB4 (40 & 58)

Hahnium Surprise Major

PN: &34-58.14-12-38.14-14.58-14.56.38 le 18 14263857 (mx)
FG: BDKN c

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Hahnium is a name which was proposed for both elements 105 and 108 but was not finally adopted for either. The Americans proposed hahnium, after Otto Hahn, the discoverer of nuclear fission, for element 105, while the Russians proposed neilsbohrium. In 1994 the IUPAC Commission on Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry recommended hahnium for element 108 and joliotium for 105 but there were objections to these proposals and eventually in 1997 it was agreed that element 105 should be called dubnium and element 108 hassium.

5088 Hahnium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M I/5 W H 23456
        2 34256
1  x    2 62453
2  x    2 63254*
   x  2   25634
   x      56234
   x  2   23564

Repeat twice

Music: 120 crus inc 18 56s & 22 65s, 12 8756s, 6 8765s, 21 LB4, no 82s
Off front: 8 8756s & 6578s, 47 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 9 March 1988

Starting with one home at the course-end marked * gives more 8765s and 5678s off front, only 12 LB4 at back but 62 off front and 57 82s

5088 Hahnium Surprise Major
BYROC

M I B 5 W H 23456
        2   35426
  - - 2   2 65243
  - - 2 2 2 25346
1 -   1     56342
1 -   1   2 23645

Repeat twice

Music: 138 crus inc 24 56s & 22 65s, 15 8765s, 12 8756s, 40 LB4
Off front: 6 5678s, 4 6578s, 8756s, 2 8765s, 57 LB4

Hassium Surprise Major

PN: &38-58.14-56-38-14-58-16-78 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BKO c

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Hassium, atomic number 108, symbol Hs, is a synthetic element first made in 1984 at GSI, Darmstadt. The name is derived from the Latin name (Hassia) for the German state of Hesse where the GSI is situated. In 1994 the name hahnium was recommended by IUPAC for element 108 but, after protests from the discoverers, hassium was finally adopted as the official name in 1997.

5184 Hassium Surprise Major
BYROC

M 3/5 B W H 23456
          - 42356
        S - 35246
- SS        43562
  SS    S - 35264
      3   - 64235
-         - 52436
  SS      - 23645

Repeat twice

Music: 72 crus inc 15 56s & 9 65s, 4 8765s, 6 8756s, 30 LB4
Off front: 2 8765s, 8756s, 6578s, 19 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 June 1997

Holmium Surprise Major

PN: &38-58.14-12-38-34-38-16-58 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: B c

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Holmium, atomic number 67, symbol Ho, is a rare-earth element discovered by Swedish chemist Per Theodor Cleve in 1878 although earlier in the same year the Swiss scientists Marc Delafontaine and Jacques-Louis Soret had identified the holmium spectral lines as belonging to a new element. It's name is derived from Holmia, the Latin name for Stockholm. It is found in the minerals monazite and gadolinite and elemental holmium is a relatively soft and malleable silvery-white metal.

5026 Holmium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M  3 4 B 5  B W  H  23456
                 2  34256
              -  2  32546
   S     SS         472536
     S           -  53246
SS            -  2  52436
              -  -  43526
2             S  3  23465
              S     63425
-  S                273546
     S           -  54326
     S S      SS 3  63254
S                  (43256)

Rounds at snap two blows after final call

Music: 78 crus inc 22 56s & 9 65s, 18 8765s, 30 LB4, tittums
Off front: 17 8765s & 8756s, 13 5678s, 5 6578s, 44 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 3 October 1980

Hydrargyrum Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-12.58.16-12-58.14.36-58 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: BDEN

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Hydrargyrum, from Greek `hydr-' water and `argyros' silver, is an old name for mercury and the word from which its symbol, Hg, is derived.

5376 (5152) Hydrargyrum Surprise Major
A J Cox

    2345678
1   8675423 S
1   3425786 S A
7   3427586 S
10A 4236857
6   5762834 S
5   6584723 S B
9B  8674523
6   2346578 S
7   2345678 S

S = 1256. The numbers in the left column indicate the number of leads between the calls.
For 5152 replace the final two singles (a course apart) in the last A block with a single plain lead

Music (5152): 61 crus inc 24 56s & 21 65s, 24 8765s, 7586s, 6857s, 21 8756s, 7568s, 56 LB4
Off front: 24 5678s & 8765s, 21 6578s & 8756s, 57 LB4

Rung as 5152 at Barrow Gurney, 26 March 1986

These courses are true to falseness groups BDEGINORT bf XYZ and the composition, arranged for le B, was first rung to Warwickshire S Major at Bristol Cathedral on 14 December 1973

Hydrogen Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.16-34-38.56-16.58 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: D ace

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Hydrogen is the lightest element with atomic number 1 and symbol H. It occurs naturally in three isotopes, protium, deuterium and tritium and is the most abundant element in the universe. Although, in 1671, Robert Boyle had described the reaction of iron filing with acids, which releases hydrogen gas, it wasn't till 1766 that Henry Cavendish was the first to recognise hydrogen as a separate substance and he thought it was the hypothetical substance phlogiston. In 1783 Antoine Lavoisier coined the name hydrogen, from the greek words meaning `water forming'.

5024 Hydrogen Surprise Major
A J Cox

M 3/5 B 4/2 W H 23456
-     x     - - 42356
-(SS            54263
        SS)     32654
-     x         25634
  SS            34562
      x     -   24365
        SS      53624
  SS        - - 36245
-     x     - - 23645

Repeat twice, calling bracketed calls in 2nd part only

Music: 106 crus inc 24 56s & 12 65s, 12 8765s, 15 7586s, 21 6857s, 4 8756s, 28 LB4
Off front: 3 6578s, 2 8765s & 8756s, 41 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 29 March 1983

Also true to Whalley S Major

Illinium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14.56-58.36-34-1458-34-38 le 18 14263857 (m)
FG: BD ac

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Illinium, was the name proposed by scientists at the University of Illinois for element 61 after they claimed its discovery in 1926. The reported discovery was later shown to be erroneous and it wasn't until 1945 that element 61, all of whose isotopes are radioactive, was first definitively produced and characterised. Promethium is now the official name for this element.

5056 Illinium Surprise Major
H Dains

M B W H 23456
      2 34256
    1 2 32546
    2 2 45236
2 - 2 2 26354
2 - 2 2 34562
    1 2 35642
  -   2 43526
2   2   32465

Repeat

Music: 144 crus, 3 8765s & 8756s, 94 678s, 28 LB4
Off front: 2 5678s, 8765s, 8756s & 6578s, 62 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 23 August 1989

Indium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14-56-36.14-14.38-36.14.38 le 18 13527486 (g)
FG: B bc X

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Indium, atomic number 49, symbol In, is named after the indigo blue lines shown in its spectrum and was discovered in 1863 by the German scientists Reich and Richter. It is a very soft, silvery-white, highly ductile, relatively rare post-transition metal with a bright lustre. It is used in semiconductors and some thin-film applications.

5088 Indium Surprise Major
BYROC

V O I H 23456
    -   35426
  - - x 34625
  -     46325
- - - x 54326
  -     43526
-   -   32465
-   -   26354
- - - x 42356

Repeat twice. 6ths place calls.

Music: 90 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 15 46s & 10 64s, 12 8765s, 6 8756s, 40 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s, 6 6578s & 8756s, 3 8765s, 49 LB4

5376 (5152) Indium Surprise Major
A J Cox

 V O  I H 23456
   -      34256
 -      x 36245
 -      x 35264
 - -  - x 43265
 - -    x 53246
 - -    x 63254
   -  -   25634
(- -      52436
 - -) -   53624
(- -      35426
 - -) -   32654
   -    x 32465
   -    x 32546

Repeat, omit either (but not both) sets of calls in brackets in first part for 5152. 6ths place calls.

Music (5152): 113 crus inc 21 56s & 20 65s, 7 8765s, 8 8756s, 40 (38, omitting 2nd set) LB4
Off front: 8 5678s & 6578s, 5 (4) 8765s & 8756s, 45 (43) LB4

Rung as 5152 at Barrow Gurney, 3 September 1980

5184 Indium Surprise Major
BYROC

B M H W  23456
-     1 (63254)
    1    26354
- 1      25346
    1    32546
-   1    32465
-     1 (52364)
-     1 (42563)
-   1    42635
-   1    42356

Repeat twice. 4ths place calls.

Music: 90 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 9 8765s & 8756s, 47 LB4
Off front: 9 8765s & 8756s, 6 5678s, 3 6578s, 47 LB4

Iodine Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-12.38-34-1458-14-58 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: B ac

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Iodine, from the Greek Iodes, meaning violet, was discover in 1811 and is a blue-black solid which turns into a violet vapour when heated. It is the second most reactive of the halogens and has atomic number 53.

5056 Iodine Surprise Major
A J Cox

M 4 B V W H 23456
        2 1 43526
        2 3 32546 A
2         2 23645
        2 1 34625
        2 1 43265
    - S     374526
3 S -     2 32465
2         2 23564
     A      23456

Music: 132 crus, inc 22 56s & 65s; 17 8765s, 2 8756s, 29 LB4
Off front: 8 5678s & 8765s, 6 8756s, 2 6578s, 42 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 29 December 1983

Also true with similar features to Cat's Eye S, Erythrite S, Frog Island S, Gaulby S, Madurai S, Lewes S and Nickhill S

True to Bisley S, Copper S, Strontium S with 108 crus, inc 18 56s & 65s, 12 8765s, 6 7568s, 28 LB4 and similar below the treble music.

5056 Iodine Surprise Major
see composition of Erythrite Surprise Major

5024 Iodine Surprise Major
see composition of 5024 Xavier Delight Major

Music: 88 crus, inc 24 56s, 24 65s & 17 46s, 19 5867s, 17 6857s, 15 7685s, 12 7586s, 6 8756s, 3 8765s, 59 LB4
Off front: 18 8765s & 5678s, 12 8756s & 6578s, 57 LB4

Iridium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14-56-1236-12-38-14-38 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: B cd

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Iridium, symbol Ir and atomic number 77, is a very hard, brittle, silvery-white transition metal of the platinum group. Iridium was discovered in 1803 among insoluble impurities in natural platinum. Smithson Tennant, the primary discoverer, named iridium after the Greek goddess Iris, the personification of a rainbow, because of the striking and diverse colors of its salts. Iridium hardens other metals and an alloy of platinum and iridium was used for the international standards for the metre and kilogram.

5152 Iridium Surprise Major
A J Cox, arranged from E Shuttleworth's 30 course block

M W  H (42536)
        42536
  2  -  52346
2 S     42563
- 3  -  35264
3    -  23564
2 SS    43265
-    -  52364
2 S     62543
- 3  -  35246
  3  -  23546
  -    (42536)

Snap start and finish

Music: 62 crus inc 16 56s & 65s, 12 8765s & 8756s, 50 LB4
Off front: 12 8765s & 8756s, 4 5678s & 6578s, 48 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 22 May 1979

These courses are true to falseness groups BGLM bcd XYZ (arranged for -58 starts)

5152 Iridium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M W H (42536)
       42536
  2 2  35246
    S  35264
-   3  25463
-   2  53462
  2    36452
2   -  32654
    S  32645
  3 2  26345
    S  26354
- - -  45362
-   -  23564
    S  23546
  -   (42536)

Snap start and finish. S = 1256

Music: 74 crus inc 18 56s & 65s, 18 8765s & 8756s, 58 LB4
Off front: 6 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 44 LB4

These courses are true to falseness groups BM cd XYZ (arranged for -58 starts)

Iron Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-16-14-58.14-34.78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B c

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Iron is the element with atomic number 26 and symbol Fe (from the latin ferrum) and is a metal in the first transition series. It is the Earth's most common element (by mass), forming much of Earth's outer and inner core and the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust. Iron is very common in rocky planets, like Earth, due to its abundant production as a result of fusion in high-mass stars and supernova explosions. It has been known for at least 5000 years although its tendency to rust means few ancient objects survive intact.

5152 Iron Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 3 4 M H 23456
3       2 34256
-     S S 62345
S       2 23465
      2 - 25364
      3 2 53264
      - - 42365
S       S 63245
      S 2 32546
- S       273546
    S     43526
2       - 53246
2       - 23456

Music: 68 crus, inc 15 56s & 13 65s; 5 8765s, 3 8756s, 40 LB4
Off front: 21 5678s, 18 6578s, 7 8765s & 8756s, 44 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 28 September 1988

These courses are true to falseness groups B c YZ

Jod Surprise Major

PN: &-34-14-58-36-34-1458-34-38 le 18 14263857 (m)
FG: D ac

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Jod is the German name for iodine, element 53 with symbol I. Its inclusion in this series allowed an alphabet of `elements' to be rung.

5024 Jod Surprise Major
Simon Humphrey (5280 Wollaton S Major, transposed and shortened)

M I/V W H 23456
1       2 36452
2       2 63254
      2 2 52364 A
      1 2 53624
2     2 2 25346
1       2 56342
2  x  2 2 42563
      1 2 45623
2     2 2 24536
    A     23456

Music: 107 crus inc 24 56s & 46s, 18 65s & 64s, 6 8765s, 32 LB4, tittums
Off front: 5 8765s & 8756s, 39 LB4

Rung at Bristol Cathedral, 16 November 1979

Also rung, at Barrow Gurney, to Xanthium S Major, 15 October 1980, and Chertsey S Major, 21 April 1982

5184 Jod Surprise Major
BYROC

M B 4/I W H 23456
1 -     2 2 24536
  -       2 32465
1 -     2   63425
     x  1   34562
2       1 2 23645

Repeat twice

Music: 135 crus inc 24 56s & 21 65s, 6 8765s, 3 8756s, 36 LB4
Off front: 2 8765s & 8756s, 38 LB4

Joliotium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.1236-14-38-16-58 le 18 18674523 (k)
FG: E cd

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Joliotium, after the French physicist Frédéric Joliot-Curie, was the name proposed by IUPAC in 1994 for element 105. The name was never formally approved and in 1997 dubnium was finally recognised as the official name for this element.

5056 Joliotium Surprise Major
A J Cox

I H O 23456
3 x   42356
  x   34256 A
2 x   25346
  -   32654
  x   63254
- x   23564
  x   52364
  x   35264
-   - 62534
  x   56234
- x   26354
  -   32465
  x   43265
- x   23645
  A   32546
3 x   53246
- x   23456

x = 14, all other calls 16

Music: 111 crus, inc 21 56s, 65s & 46s; 3 8765s & 8756s, 26 LB4, tittums
Off front: 4 5678s, 8765s, 8756s & 6578s, 28 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 9 November 1994

Kalium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-56.38-14-58-14.36.78 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: ace

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Kalium, is the Latin name from which Potassium's atomic symbol (K) is derived.

5056 Kalium Surprise Major
A J Cox

H B M W  23456
      2 (35426)
  -      52364 A
2        23564
   A     23645
      2 (34625)
  2 2 1 (63254)
  - 2   (25346)
  - 1    24365
1        32465

Repeat

Music: 140 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s; 6 8765 & 8756s, 32 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s & 6578s, 3 8765s & 8756s, 41 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 6 January 1982

Also true to all methods with le h and no in-course tenors-together falseness (groups abcdef XYZ), for example: Battersea, Beryllium (138 crus), Brighton (88 crus), Essex, Frodsham (134 crus), Niton (144 crus), Terbium (144 crus), Unnilbium (140 crus) and Zoisite (144 crus)

Krypton Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.14-12-38.14-14.58.14.36.12.78 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: BDG ad

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Krypton, is the fourth member of the inert or noble gases and its name is derived from kryptos meaning hidden. It has atomic number 36 and symbol Kr and was discovered in 1898 by Sir William Ramsey and Morris Travers. It is a colourless and odourless gas which occurs in trace amounts in the atmosphere. It is used with other noble gases in fluorescent lighting.

5152 Krypton Surprise Major
A J Cox

W V/F M H 23456
- SS  -   34256
  SS  - - 45236
  SS      62345
- SS      53246
  SS    - 46253
  SS      32546
- SS  -   25346 *
  SS      63425
- SS  -   34625
-         23645

Repeat twice, replacing course marked * by two courses called SV,SF,H,SV,SF in one part (preferably 2nd)

Music: 117 crus, inc 17 56s & 22 65s, 8 LB4, tittums
Off front: 3 5678s, 2 6578s, 4 8765s & 8756s, 51 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 20 February 1979

Kurchatovium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14.56-56.38-14-38-16-38 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: I ac

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Kurchatovium, symbol (Ku), was the name proposed by Russian scientists for element 104 in honour of Igor Kurchatov (1903-1960), a former head of Soviet nuclear research. They first claimed to have discovered this element in 1966 at JINR, Dubna, but the results weren't fully conclusive. In 1969 the researchers at the University of California, Berkeley proved they had synthesized the element and proposed the name Rutherfordium in honor of New Zealand physicist Ernest Rutherford. After a protracted dispute, during which the element was temporarily called unnilquadium, IUPAC finally endorsed Rutherfordium as the official name for element 104.

5376 (5152) Kurchatovium Surprise Major
A J Cox

O I V  23456
S      24356
2 S -* 62534
  S    32564

Repeat 5 times, omitting -* in parts 2, 4 & 6 and (for 5152) the SS I in part 2

Music (5152): 144 crus, 16 7468s & 7685s, 26 LB4, tittums
Off front: 12 5678s, 6 6578s, 6 8756s, 38 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 3 February 1988

These courses are true to all methods with falseness groups from CI abc XYZ

5056 Kurchatovium Surprise Major
see composition of 5056 Cornwall Surprise Major

Music: 96 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 16 46s & 64s, 12 8765s & 8756s, 16 7568s, 8 7468s, 40 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s & 8765s, 10 6578s, 4 8756s, 42 LB4

Lanthanum Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.16-56-16-12-38.12-14.58 le 12 16482735 (a)
FG: B c

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Lanthanum, symbol La, atomic number 57, is the first member of the `lanthanide' series of rare-earth metals. It was discovered in 1839 by Swedish chemist Carl Mosander and its name derives from lanthanein meaning to lie hidden. Lanthanum is silvery white, malleable and ductile and is soft enough to be cut with a knife; it is one of the most reactive of the rare-earth metals and oxidises rapidly when exposed to air.

5152 Lanthanum Surprise Major
A J Cox

3 4 W M 5 H 23456
          2 34256
    - S   S 62345
    S     3 42365
    S     S 63245
      S   2 32546
S     3 2   45263
      -   3 25364
      2 -   472536
  S 3     - 53246
    2     - 23456

Music: 72 crus inc 17 56s, 15 65s, & 13 46s, 15 8765s, 6 8756s & 7568s, 52 LB4, tittums
Off front: 21 8765s inc backrounds, 18 8756s, 15 5678s, 9 6578s, 55 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 22 December 1982

These courses are true to all B c YZ

Lawrencium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-56.38-14-38-56-38 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: ac

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Lawrencium, symbol Lr, atomic number 103, is the last element in the actinide series and is radioactive with its longest-lived isotope having a half-life of only 3.6 hours. It was first produced in 1961 at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley, California, by bombarding a californium target with boron ions. Its name honours Ernest O Lawrence, the inventor of the cyclotron.

5056 Lawrencium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 5  4 B 3 M H 23456
       x   3   35264
-          - 2 34256
-            2 32546
-        S     273546
     S         43526
2      x     - 32465
       x   2   46253
  SS       -   26354
-          - 2 24365
-            2 23645
3      x     - 23456

Music: 86 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 17 8765s, 11 8756s, 18 5867s, 15 7685s, 18 LB4
Off front: 10 5678s & 6578s, 8 8765s, 4 8756s, 44 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 4 May 1988

5056 Lawrencium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W B M H  23456
  x 3 SS 35264
-   - 2  34256
-   - SS 23645
3 x   S  32456

Repeat

Music: 100 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 18 8756s, 24 5867s & 7685s, 28 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s, 8 6578s & 8756s, 46 LB4

5024 Lawrencium Surprise Major
see composition of 5024 Royal Wootton Bassett Delight Major

Music (5024): 116 crus, inc 24 56s & 16 65s, 8 8756s, 40 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s, 6 6578s & 8756s, 42 LB4

Lead Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-1256-36.14-12.38-12-18 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: B d

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Lead, atomic number 82, has the symbol Pb from its latin name plumbum. It is a soft malleable metal and when freshly cut has a bluish-white colour which soon tarnishes to a dull grey when exposed to the air. Lead has been known since prehistoric times as it is widespread and easy to extract and work with.

5152 Lead Surprise Major
A J Cox

3  M W B H 23456
SS       S 23465
       S   23645 A
     - S S 42356
     A     34256
SS   -   2 32546
     3   - 53246
     -   S 45263
   -     3 25364
   2     S 45236
     -   S 34265
       S   34625
     - S S 23456

S = 1256

Music: 112 crus inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s, 18 7685s, 7586s, 5867s & 6857s, 6 7568s, 46 LB4, tittums
Off front: 21 8765s & 8756s, 9 5678s & 6578s, 57 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 22 February 1989

These courses are true to all BGL d XYZ

Lithium Surprise Major

PN: &-34-16-56-38-14-58-16-78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: D ad Y

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Lithium, atomic number 3, symbol Li, is the lightest of the elements which is a solid at room temperature. It was discovered in 1817 and its name is derived from lithos, meaning `stone'. It is a soft, silver-white metal that belongs to the alkali metal group and is highly reactive, rapidly tarnishing in air.

5056 Lithium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W M H  23456
x        35264
  - - -  42356
5     -  34256
  - - -  62345
  - 2 3* 56423
    -    46325
  - -    34562
  - - -  25346
  - -    32654
x     -  32546
x     -  32465

Repeat, omitting 3*

Music: 116 crus inc 20 56s & 65s, 21 46s, 17 64s, 48 LB4
Off front: 8 8765s & 8756s, 24 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Twerton on Avon, 27 December 1979

Also true to Ilminster S (100 crus) and Palladium S (86 crus)

Livermorium Surprise Major

PN: &38-58.14-12-36.14-14.38-12-58 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: B c

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Livermorium, symbol Lv, is now the official name for element 116 which had previously been temporarily named as ununhexium. The temporary existence of a single atom of Livermorium was first detected in 2000 at Dubna when the scientists bombarded a curium target with calcium ions and observed the decay products. About 35 atoms have since been produced and identified. The name is in recognition of the work done at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the US, in collaboration with JINR, Dubna, in Russia, in the production and identification of many of the super-heavy elements.

5152 Livermorium Surprise Major
A J Cox

   W M  5 H  (43256)
          -   24356
   -      2   23546
   2 S    SS  64523
     S        34526
S3   3  S     26453
     3  S     274536
S4 - 2        63245
   S      -   24365
     SS   2   43265
   S -    -   52346
   2      2   43256
             (43256)

Snap start and finish

Music: 62 crus inc 24 56s & 9 65s, 24 8765s, 7586s & 6857s, 5 2468s, 71 LB4
Off front: 24 8765s, 18 5678s & 8756s, 6 6578s, 54 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 9 November 2012

These courses are true to all methods with falseness groups B c YZ, but are particularly suitable for methods with 38-58.14-12- or -58-14- starts.

Lutetium Surprise Major

PN: &38-58.14-12-36-14-58-36-18 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BG c

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Lutetium, symbol Lu and atomic number 71, is the heaviest of the rare-earth metals. Its name is derived from lutetia an ancient name for Paris. Lutetium was first identified in 1907 as an impurity in ytterbia. Several scientist claimed the discovery but eventually the honour went to Georges Urbain of France as his results were published first. The spelling of his proposed name of lutecium was changed to lutetium in 1949. An alternative name cassiopeium (or cassiopium) which had been proposed by the Austrian mineralogist Baron von Welsbach was widely used in Germany until the 1950s.

5152 Lutetium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M 3 4 W H 23456
      2 - 43526
S       S 65324
      S - 32564
2       3 42365
-       2 25364
3     S S 63524
S S       273546
    S 2 3 32546
      - 2 35426
      - 3 23456

Music: 75 crus inc 18 56s & 46s, 15 65s, 11 64s, 9 8765s & 8756s, 46 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s & 6578s, 7 8765s, 3 8756s, 45 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 10 April 1985

These courses are true to all methods with falseness groups BG bc XYZ

Magnesium Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-38-12-58-14.36.78 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BE ac

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Magnesium, symbol Mg and atomic number 12, is sivery-white lightweight metal in the alkaline earth series that ignites easily in air and burns with a bright light. The name originates from Magnesia, an area in Thessaly in Greece where magnetite and manganese are also found. The antisceptic properties of Epsom salts (hydrated magnesium sulphate) were recognised in the early 17th century but magnesium was not identified as an element separate from calcium until the work of Joseph Black in 1755. Sir Humphrey Davy was the first to isolate magnesium metal in 1808. Magnesium has many uses, for instance in lightweight alloys and fireworks, and is an essential element in both plant and animal life.

5056 Magnesium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M 3 5 W H 23456
- S S 2 3 26354
    S     273546
    S -   52364
  S S -   36245
  S S     45623 A
  S S     23564
- S S 2 3 24365
      -   62345
    A     23645
- S S 2 - 32546
  S       472536
   S4   2 25346
      -   42356
    A     23456

Music: 123 crus inc 20 56s & 21 65s, 10 8765s, 6 8756s, 30 LB4, tittums
Off front: 9 5678s, 6 6578s, 12 8765s, 10 8756s, 43 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 12 February 1980

5120 Magnesium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M I       5 W H 23456
            - 2 24536
  S       S   3 36452
3   S4,SB   -   32546
- S       S     43265
  x       -     32465
  x       -     24365
  S       S     65432
      B         53624
      B     2 - 52436
            2 - 42356
    SB,S4 3     735462
S S         3 2 23456

S at I = S3rds

Music: 69 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 15 8765s, 9 8756s, 7568s & 7468s, 56 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 5678s, 14 8765s, 9 6578s & 8756s, 60 LB4, backrounds

Also true to Argon S Major

Manganese Surprise Major

PN: &-56-1456-58-36-34-1458-34-38 le 18 14263857 (m)
FG: ac

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Manganese, symbol Mn and atomic number 25, derives its name from magnes an ore found in Magnesia in what is now in Greece. Manganese metal was first isolated in 1774 by Johan Gahn by reducing manganese oxide with carbon. Manganese is a silvery-grey metal that resembles iron and tarnishes and rusts in air. It is the 12th most common element in the Earth's crust and is used in iron and steel manufacture. It is an essential trace mineral in all forms of life.

5120 Manganese Surprise Major
see composition of 5120 Double Dublin Surprise Major

Music: 138 crus, inc 24 56s, 65s & 64s, 21 46s, 15 7586s, 7685s, 5867s & 6857s, 6 8765s, 8756s, 7468s & 7568s, 12 LB4
Off front: 4 8765s & 8756s, 39 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 6 February 1985

Masurium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-16-56-1238-14-58-16-78 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: B ac

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Masurium (after Masuria in eastern Prussia, now in Poland) was the name given to element 43 by the German chemists, Noddack, Berg and Tache, when they claimed its discovery in 1925; later experimenters, however, could not replicate their results. This element does not occur naturally but it had been postulated since the 1860s from its position in Mendeleev's periodic tables. There had been several previous claims for its discovery but none had been substantiated. It was not till 1936 that the discovery this element was finally confirmed and in 1947 it was officially named as technetium, after a Greek word meaning `artificial', since it was the first element to be artificially produced.

5088 Masurium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V I H O 23456
      - 34256
  2 x   25346
    x   32546
  2 x   54326
    x   35426
    x   43526
- - x   43265
  -   2 23645

Repeat twice, x = 14, other calls 16

Music: 120 crus inc 20 56s & 65s, 36 LB4
Off front: 22 8765s, 9 8756s, 4 5678s, 3 6578s, 40 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 1 November 1989

Meitnerium Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-1238-34-38-14-58 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: B ac

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Meitnerium was named in honor of the Austrian physicist Lise Meitner and is a transuranic element with symbol Mt and atomic number 109. It was first synthesized at GSI Darmstadt in 1982 by bombarding a target of bismuth-209 with accelerated nuclei of iron-58. The most stable isotope known is Mt-278, with a half-life of ~8 s. Meitnerium was formerly known as Unnilennium, with the symbol Une, and historically has been referred to as eka-iridium.

5152 Meitnerium Surprise Major
S Humphrey and A J Cox

4 M 3 W H  23456
        S  24356
      - SS 52346
      - S  43526 A
  -     S  56324
      - S  23564
  -     SS 53462
  2  A     23645
        S  26345
      2 S  63425
  - S     (273546)
  3        273546
S       S  45326
      - S  23456

Music: 96 crus inc 16 56s & 65s, 15 8765s, 9 8756s, 38 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 8765s, 12 6578s, 11 5678s, 10 8756s, 38 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 4 January 1995

These courses are true to all B ac Z

Mendelevium Surprise Major

PN: &58-58.14-58-36.14-14.38.14-14.58 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: K c

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Mendelevium was named to honor Dmitri Mendeleyev who devised the periodic table. It has atomic number 101 and symbol Md. It is a metallic radioactive transuranic element in the actinide series and was first produced in 1955 by bombarding einsteinium with alpha particles. All isotopes decay quite rapidly and the longest lived has a half-life of just over 50 days.

5152 Mendelevium Surprise Major
A J Cox

1 6 7  (2346857)
    -   4236857
- - 4*  4237586
-   3   4236578
- - 5*  4328756
- - -   2436578
2   SS  2437586
-   2   4326578
  - 4'  2346857

Snap start and finish. 4* = BSBS, 5* = BBSBB, 4' = BBSB

Music: 55 crus inc 22 56s & 21 65s, 22 8765s, 23 8756s, 52 LB4
Off front: 21 8765s, 19 5678s, 15 8756s, 13 6578s, 58 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 17 April 1985

Mercury Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14.56-58.36.14-34.58.34.16-58 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: BE ac

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Mercury, named after the planet, has atomic number 80 and symbol Hg, from hydrargyrum or liquid silver. It is the only common metal which is liquid at room temperature and is found as HgS in cinnabar ore. Mercury readily forms alloys (amalgams) with many metals, such as gold, silver, and tin and this property is used to extract gold from its ores.

5024 Mercury Surprise Major
see composition of 5024 Carbon Surprise Major

Music: 130 crus, inc 22 56s, 65s & 46s, 21 64s, 1 8765s & 8756s, 38 LB4
Off front: 14 8765s & 8756s, 55 LB4, backrounds
With alternative A block: 128 crus, inc 22 56s & 65s, 21 46s & 64s, 1 8765s & 8756s, 34 LB4
Off front: 16 8765s & 8756s, 57 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 1 June 1988

Molybdenum Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.16-56-38.14-14.38.14-14.38 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BO d

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Molybdenum, atomic number 42 with symbol Mo, was discovered in 1778 and its name is derived from the Greek word molybdos meaning lead, as it was first found in what were thought to be lead ores. It is a silvery-white metal and has the 5th highest melting point of a metal. It is used in high-strength steel alloys and in high pressure and high temperature applications

5152 Molybdenum Surprise Major
A J Cox

M B  3  W H  23456
        - S  52463
-         -  34265
  SS      2  42365
-         2  25364
3         -  32564
-         S  52436
        2 -  42356
        - SS 54326
        - -  32546
        3 2  25346
        - -  34256
     SS   -  23456

S = 1256

Music: 82 crus inc 19 56s, 17 65s & 46s, 15 64s, 8 8765s & 8756s, 15 5867s, 12 7586s, 3 7468s & 7568s, 52 LB4, tittums
Off front: 7 5678s & 8756s, 4 6578s & 8765s, 50 LB4

Rung at Sandhurst, Glos, 14 October 1995

These courses are true to all BGLO d XYZ

5152 Molybdenum Surprise Major
see 5152 Congresbury Surprise Major

Music: 76 crus inc 18 56s & 15 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 15 5867s, 12 7586s, 3 7468s & 7568s, 52 LB4
Off front: 6 5678s & 8756s, 3 6578s & 8765s, 45 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 3 April 1979

Moscovium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-12.38-12-1458.36.12-78 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: B ac

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Moscovium (symbol Mc) is the proposed name (late 2016) for the element with atomic number 115. It is named after the Moscow region and honours the ancient Russian land that is the home of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR, Dubna) and the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions. It was reportedly first synthesised in 2003 by a joint team of Russian and American scientists at Dubna and to date upto 100 atoms of moscovium have been produced although its most stable isotope has a lifetime of only 220 milliseconds.

5152 Moscovium Surprise Major
A J Cox

  O H V I 23456
        - 35426
    x     43652
  - x     43265
      2   23564
    x     52436
  -     2 32546
S6ths 3   472536
S7ths   - 24536
  - x     24653
  - x     24365
      -   54263
  -     - 26543
  - 2     32465

Repeat omitting split-tenors courses

Music: 82 crus inc 21 56s & 65s, 18 8765s, 3 8756s, 61 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 12 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 49 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 9 September 2016

Muonium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-1258.36-16.38 le 18 18674523 (k)
FG: GH c

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Muonium is an exotic atom made up of a positive muon as nucleus and an electron and it can be regarded as a super-light and radioactive isotope of hydrogen. It was discovered in 1960 and is given the chemical symbol Mu. In spite of its relatively short lifetime, muonium can form compounds such as muonium chloride (MuCl) or sodium muonide (NaMu)

5152 Muonium Surprise Major
A J Cox

5 6 7 2345678
  3 - 2345786
x   - 4326857
S 3 S 4327586
  3 S 4327856
S 3 - 4326578
  3 - 4326785
x   - 2345867
  -   3425867
S - S 4237685
  3 S 4237865
S - - 2345678

S = 1678, x = 123678, all other calls 16.

Music: 71 crus inc 24 56s & 23 65s, 24 8765s, 13 8756s, 7 7568s, 34 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 14 6578s, 13 8765s, 10 8756s, 44 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 13 November 1991

These courses are true to falseness groups GHIOR bcf XYZ

Natrium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-1256-16-34-1238-14-78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B ac

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Natrium, is the latin word from which the symbol for sodium (Na) is derived. Sodium has atomic number 11 and is a member of the alkali metals series.

5152 (5086) Natrium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 3 M 4 H  23456
    3   S  24356
-       SS 52346
-       S  43526
  S        273546
    3 S   (43526)
    -   S  56324
-       S  23564
    3   S  25364
2       S  53624
    -   S  64325
-       SS 26345
2       S  63425
    -   S  45326
-       S  23456

For 5086 start at snap (after W) and call bob for final single

Music (5152): 96 crus inc 16 56s & 65s; 18 8765s, 6 8756s, 42 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 8765s, 12 6578s, 11 5678s, 10 8756s, 39 LB4
(5086): 95 crus inc 15 56s & 65s; 18 8765s, 6 8756s, 30 LB4, but only 12 instead of 36 82s
Off front: 14 8765s, 12 6578s, 11 5678s, 9 8756s, 31 LB4

Rung (as 5086) at Bristol Cathedral, 3 November 1984

These courses (5152) are true to falseness groups B ac Z (5086 suitable for le d with –38 start)

5152 Natrium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 3 V M 4 H  23456
-         -  45236
2     S   S  62345
S         SS 42365
S         S  63245
      S   3  53246
-         -  24536
  S          374526
    S 3   3  36452
    S 3 S -  52436
-         3  35426
-            23456

Music: 80 crus inc 16 56s & 65s, 18 46s; 18 8765s, 6 8756s, 7568s & 7468s, 60 LB4
Off front: 20 8765s, 16 5678s, 10 6578s, 8 8756s, 44 LB4
(composition rung to Fernham D Major arranged for plain bob lead order)

These courses are true to falseness groups B ac YZ

Neodymium Surprise Major

PN: &56-34.16.58-58.16-14-58.14-56.18 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: D ac

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Neodymium is a rare-earth metal with symbol Nd and atomic number 60. It was discovered in 1885 by the Austrian chemist Carl Auer von Welsbach. He separated neodymium, as well as praseodymium, from a material known as didymium by means of fractional crystallization. The name is derived from the Greek neos didymos meaning new twin. Neodymium magnets (an alloy with iron and boron) are the strongest permanent magnets known.

5600 (5152) Neodymium Surprise Major
A J Cox

O H V 4 6 I W  23456
-         2    53246
    2          23645
-         3    36245
2   -     -    34256
2   -     -    35264
3     2        372546
  x            234756
            x  42635
    3   x     (372546)
    3 -   2    63254
    2          23456

For 5152 omit any block of 3

Music (omitting 3 V on 42635): 80 crus inc 12 56s & 16 65s; 9 8765s, 11 8756s, 32 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s & 8765s, 10 8756s, 4 6578s, 41 LB4, backrounds

Rung (omitting 3 V on 42635) at Barrow Gurney, 29 December 1982

These courses are true to falseness groups D ac Z

5152 Neodymium Surprise Major
see 5152 Kaolinite Surprise Major

Music: 80 crus inc 12 56s & 16 65s; 9 8765s, 11 8756s, 40 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s & 8765s, 10 8756s, 4 6578s, 46 LB4, backrounds

Neon Surprise Major

PN: &34-58.14-58-38.14-14.38.56-34.18 le 18 18674523 (k)
FG: D ac

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Neon, atomic number 10 with symbol Ne, is one of the inert gases and was discovered in 1898. Its name is derived from neos, meaning `new'. It emits a bright orange-red light when a current is passed through it and so is much used in advertising signs (Neon lights).

5152 Neon Surprise Major
A J Cox

I 6 V H O W  23456
    -        63254
-       3    35264
2   2 x      42635
  x          372546
    - x      342756
          x (23645)
        -    36245
3       2    23645
  x          473526
    2 x      234756
          2  647253
  x     -    34256
3       2    23456

Music: 71 crus inc 15 56s & 10 65s; 15 8765s, 10 7568s, 46 LB4
Off front: 9 5678s, 11 6578s, 12 8765s, 16 8756s, 40 LB4

Rung at Bristol Cathedral, 31 August 2001

These courses are true to falseness groups D ac Z

Neptunium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14.56-58.36.14-14.38.14-14.58 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: K ac

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Neptunium is the first transuranic element and is a radioactive actinide metal. It follows uranium in the periodic table and is named after the planet neptune which is the next planet beyond uranus. Neptunium has atomic number 93 and symbol Np. Its existence was predicted by Mendeleev and it was first synthesised at the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory in 1940. The longest-lived isotope has a half-life of only 2 million years but trace amounts of the neptunium are found naturally as decay products from the transmutation reactions in uranium ores.

5088 Neptunium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V I H 6 O 4 23456
    x       42635
  -     3   23645
-       -   32546
      S     472536
2         S 26354
-   x       24365
        2   32465
    x       43526
        -   35426
- -     3   52364
  -     3 S 273546
- S7ths 2   53246
- -     -   45362
    x       34256
        2   23456

Music: 133 crus inc 22 56s & 65s; 13 8765s, 11 8756s, 4 7568s & 7468s, 36 LB4
Off front: 11 5678s & 8765s, 10 6578s, 12 8756s, 42 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 20 December 1983

Also true to Clacton S Major

Nickel Little Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-56.38.14-34.56 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: ac

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Nickel, atomic number 28 with symbol Ni, is a silvery-white hard durable metal in the second transition series. Its name comes from the German kupfernickel meaning `false copper' a reddish ore containing nickel but no copper from which it was first isolated and classified as a chemical element by the German Baron Axel Cronstedt in 1751.

5040 Nickel Little Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 5 4 B 3 M H 23456
            2 34256
-           2 32546
3       S 3   472536
  S       - 3 26354
          2   46253
  S S       - 53246
-     x   - 3 43265
          - 2 35264
          3 - 23564
      x     - 23645
3           2 36245
  S S       - 45236
-           - 23456

Music: 120 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 21 8765s, 12 8756s, 34 LB4
Off front: 12 8765s & 8756s, 9 5678s, 6 6578s, 38 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 23 January 1985

Nielsbohrium Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-1238-14-58.36.12-78 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: B ac

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Nielsbohrium, after the Danish physicist, Niels Bohr, is a name which was proposed for both element 105 (by the Russians) and element 107 (by the Germans). In the end neither name was approved by IUPAC and element 105 became dubnium and element 107 bohrium.

5184 Nielsbohrium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M I 4 5 W H 23456
  x   -     34256
  x   -     42356
  S   S -   35264
  x   -     52364
  x   -     23564
  x   - - - 26354
      S     273546
2   S   3 3 32546
  S         472536
-     S   2 63254
        -   56234
- x   - -   36245
  x   -     62345
  x   -     23645
  x   - - 3 43265
        -   64235
  S   S -   23456

S at In = S 3rds.

Music: 140 crus inc 22 56s & 65s, 15 8765s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 30 LB4, tittums
Off front: 17 5678s, 12 8756s, 10 8765s, 6 6578s, 32 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 12 October 1988

5184 Nielsbohrium Surprise Major
see 5184 Jupitium Surprise Major

Music: 120 crus, inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s; 15 8765s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 34 LB4, tittums
Off front: 21 5678s & 8765s, 5 6578s, 3 8756s, 41 LB4, backrounds

5120 Nielsbohrium Surprise Major
see 5120 Lessness Surprise Major

Music: 88 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 15 8765s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 6 7468s, 55 LB4
Off front: 21 5678s & 8765s, 3 6578s & 8756s, 49 LB4

Nihonium Little Surprise Major

PN: &34-58.14-12-38.12-14.36 le 18 13463857

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Nihonium, symbol Nh, is the proposed name (late 2016) for element 113. It was first created unambiguously at the RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science in Japan although there was an earlier claim from the Dubna–Livermore collaboration. The proposed the name is one of the two ways to say `Japan' in Japanese, and literally means `the Land of Rising Sun'. The Japanese experiments bombarded zinc nuclei into a thin film of bismuth. All known isotopes are unstable but the longest lived has a lifetime of about 20 seconds.

5184 Nihonium Little Surprise Major
Donald F Morrison (No 2904 for non-Plain Bob lead order)

M   B I V W H (24356)
  4 -          43625
    -   1 1    42365
1           2  54362
          1 1  63452
    - 4,4      475263
1     - 1   2  53426
1     -   2    32456

Repeat twice. Snap start and finish

Music: 103 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 24 8765s, 15 8756s, 58 LB4, 102 678s
Off front: 3 5678s, 6 6578s, 8765s & 8756s, 50 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 16 September 2016

Niobium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-38.14-14.58.12-14.78 le 18 18674523 (d)
FG: B cd

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Niobium, atomic number 41 with symbol Nb, is named after Niobe, the daughter of the mythical Greek king Tantalus, as niobium is often found with tantalum. It was discovered in 1801 by the English chemist, Charles Hatchett who named it columbium. Because it was so similar to tantalum, there was some uncertainty whether columbium and tantalum were actually the same element, however, in 1846, the German chemist Heinrich Rose determined that tantalum ores did contain a second element which he named niobium. Later, in the 1860s, it was proved that columbium and niobium where the same element and different from tantalum. Both names were used until 1949 when niobium became the official name although some use of columbium remains. Niobium is a soft, grey, ductile transition metal. Its main uses are in steel production, superalloys and superconducting magnets.

5376 (5152) Niobium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W H  23456
- -  45236
- S  34265
  2  42365
  S  42356
- SS 54326
-    25346

Repeat twice. S = 1256. Omit SS in first part for 5152

Music (5152): 71 crus, inc 15 56s, 65s & 46s, 3 8765s & 8756s, 40 LB4, tittums
Off front: 9 5678s, 12 6578s, 6 8765s inc backrounds, 9 8756s, 49 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 22 January 1982

These courses are true to falseness groups BGHILMORS bcd XYZ (see also 5152 Congresbury S Major)

5152 Niobium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W M H  (42536)
        42536
-   SS  34526
-   -   52346
  - 2   26345
    S   26354
  3 -   32654
    S   32645
-   SS  43625
2 2 -   35246
    S   35264
  - SS  25463
  - SS  45362
  - -   23564
    S   23546
-      (42536)

Snap start and finish. S = 1256

Music: 72 crus, inc 16 56s, 12 65s & 46s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 36 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 6578s, 8765s & 8756s, 45 LB4

These courses are true to falseness groups BMS cd XYZ and this version is suitable for –58 starts (a transposition of 5152 Butleigh S Major)

Niton Surprise Major

PN: &-56-1456-56-38-14-1458-1236-78 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: ac

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From 1900 it had been noticed that the radioactive elements thorium, radium and actinium emanate a radioactive gas. The likeness of the spectra of these three gases with those of argon, krypton, and xenon, and their observed chemical inertness led Sir William Ramsay to suggest in 1904 that the `emanations' might contain a new element of the noble gas family (each emanation had been given a name although they were, in fact, different isotopes of the same element). In 1910 Sir William Ramsay and Robert Whytlaw-Gray isolated the gas and determined its density and found that it was the heaviest known gas. They suggested the name niton (Nt) (from the Latin "nitens" meaning "shining") as it causes the phosphorescence of some substances, however in 1923 radon (symbol Rn) was adopted as the official name for element 86.

5056 Niton Surprise Major
see composition of Kalium Surprise Major

Music: 144 crus, 10 7468s & 7568s, 38 LB4
Off front: 10 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 44 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 24 January 1990

Nitrogen Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-58.36-14.58 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: FG c

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Nitrogen, symbol N and atomic number 7, is a colourless, odourless, tasteless, and mostly inert diatomic gas which constitutes 78% by volume of the Earth's atmosphere. It was discovered in 1772 as a separable component of air by the Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford. The name nitrogen is derived from nitron and gen, meaning nitre forming. Although nitrogen is relatively inert, its compounds are many and varied and are vital to life occurring in amino acids and nucleic acids.

5152 Nitrogen Surprise Major
A J Cox

M  W  H 23456
SS SS - 42356
S  S    52364
S     6 42365
S  S    62354
S  SS - 34256
SS    S 32456
SS SS - 43256 *
SS SS - 24356
   SS S 23456

6 = BBSBBS, BSBBSB or SBBSBB
As rung maximises crus, starting at * maximises LB4 (musical differences shown in brackets below).

Music: 91 (82) crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 20 (17) 46s, 36 (48) LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 6578s, 39 (45) LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 December 1985

These courses are true to falseness groups FGLR bc XYZ

Nobelium Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.16-12.56.38.12-14.38.14-56.18 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: BDK cd

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Nobelium, symbol No and atomic number 102, is a synthetic transuranic element and all its isotopes decay rapidly. Its discovery was first claimed by scientists from the Nobel Institute, Sweden, in 1957. Their claim was later retracted but the researchers at the University of California at Berkeley also claimed to have synthesised element 102 in 1958. By 1966 work at the FLNR Dubna, had conclusively proved the existence, albeit transiently, of this element. The Swedish team had used the name nobelium and this name was retained by the Berkeley group and, although the Dubna group were recognised as the `discoverers', the name nobelium was ratified as its official name by IUPAC in both 1994 and 1997.

5056 Nobelium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B M W 4 I H 23456
    -       52436
  - 2     2 36245
  -         26543
x           64235
    -     - 23645
    -   x   234756
x           372546
      x     42635
  - 2     2 35264
  2 3       45362  
  -       - 23564
    -       62534
  - 2     3 23456

Music: 66 crus, inc 19 56s & 4 65s, 12 8765s, 8 7568s, 3 8756s, 55 LB4
Off front: 10 6578s & 8756s, 7 8765s & 4 5678s, 41 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 17 February 1982

True to le b methods with falseness groups BDK acdf YZ

Oganesson Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14.56-58.1236-14-58-36-18 le 12 14263857

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Oganesson is the provisional (late 2016) name for the element with atomic number 118. It will have symbol Og and is named after Professor Yuri Oganessian for his pioneering contributions to transactinoid element research including the discovery of superheavy elements and advances in the nuclear physics of superheavy nuclei including experimental evidence for the `island of stability'. Three atoms of oganesson were produced in 2006 by bombarding californium-249 with calcium-48. The Og-294 produced had a half-life of 0.89 milliseconds. It is in group 18 of the periodic table (the noble gases), hence the -on ending of its name.

5184 Oganesson Surprise Major
A J Cox

M I B 4 5 W H 23456
  x     - -   53246
- S     S   - 34562
    x       - 34625
-   x       - 64235
- S           374526
      S       24536
- S     S     32465
    x       - 32654
    x     -   42356

Repeat twice. S at I = S 3rds

Music: 86 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 18 8765s, 9 8756s, 6 7568s, 47 LB4, tittums
Off front: 18 5678s & 6578s, 15 8765s, 3 8756s, 56 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 29 July 2016

Osmium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.16.34-14.58-14-18 le 18 13462857

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Osmium, atomic number 76, symbol Os, was discovered in 1804 and its name is derived from the Greek osme, meaning odour, as the metal surface oxidises and gives off volatile osmium tetroxide, which has a characteristic pungent smell. It is the densest known metal and is used to produce alloys with extreme hardness.

5088 (5024) Osmium Surprise Major
Stephen J Ivin

M I W H 23456
      2 42356
2     1 62453
2     2 26354
    1 1 53624
    2 2 62534
1 - 2   23564

Repeat twice. Omit MIW in last course of one part for 5024.

Music: 144 crus, 12 8765s & 8756s, 21 5867s & 6857s, 15 7586s & 7685s, 30 LB4, tittums
Off front: 9 6578s, 5 5678s & 8765s, 3 8756s, 57 LB4

Rung as 5088 at Barrow Gurney, 27 March 1979 and 7 August 1991

Oxygen Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-36.14-14.58.12-14.78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B cd

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Oxygen from oxys and genes meaning acid forming. It has atomic number 8 and symbol O and in its diatomic form O2 constitutes 20.8% of the volume of air. It is the most abundant element by mass in the Earth's crust and the third most abundant in the Universe. Oxygen was discovered independently by Carl Wilhelm Scheele, in Uppsala, in 1773 or earlier, and Joseph Priestley in Wiltshire, in 1774, but Priestley is often given priority because his work was published first. The name oxygen was coined in 1777 by Antoine Lavoisier, whose experiments with oxygen helped to discredit the then-popular phlogiston theory of combustion. See also ozone.

5152 Oxygen Surprise Major
see 5152 Wolfram Surprise Major
Music: 71 crus inc 12 56s & 65s, 4 8765s & 8756s, 32 LB4
Off front: 9 8765s, 11 5678s & 8756s, 13 6578s, 37 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 28 January 1981

5152 Oxygen Surprise Major
see 5152 Niobium Surprise Major
Music: 72 crus, inc 16 56s & 12 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 36 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 41 LB4

Ozone Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-12-16-12-1458-34-78 le 18 18674523
FG: BD

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Ozone, is a molecular form (allotrope) of oxygen where three atoms are joined together rather than the usual two. It is a pale blue gas with a distinctively pungent smell. Ozone is formed by the action of ultraviolet light and atmospheric electrical discharges on normal oxygen, and is present in low concentrations (0.6 ppm) throughout the Earth's atmosphere; it is a powerful oxidant.

5376 (5152) Ozone Surprise Major
see composition of 5376 (5152) Hydrargyrum Surprise Major
Music (5152): 64 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 24 8765s, 8756s, 7568s, 7586s, 6857s, 56 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s, 6578s, 8765s & 8756s, 56 LB4

Rung (as 5152) at Barrow Gurney, 31 August 1983

Palladium Surprise Major

PN: &34-58.14-58-38.14-14.38-34-78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: D ac

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Palladium, atomic number 46, symbol Pd, was discovered in 1803 and is named after the asteroid Pallas, which in turn, was named after the epithet of the Greek goddess Athena which she acquired when she slew Pallas. It is a rare and lustrous steely-white metal which does not tarnish in air.

5184 Palladium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W I V F M H 23456
x             35264
      S S     42635 A
x           - 42356
      A       34256
x             45362
      S S   - 62345
  -       -   36524
  -       -   53462
    x -       34562
  -       - - 25346
  -       -   32654
x           - 32546
x           - 32465

Repeat

Music: 86 crus inc 15 56s & 65s; 15 8765s & 8756s, 9 5867s, 6857s, 7586s, 7685s, 36 LB4
Off front: 10 8765s & 8756s, 6 5678s & 6578s, 36 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 8 October 1980

5056 Palladium Surprise Major
see composition of 5056 Lithium Surprise Major
Music: 86 crus inc 15 56s & 65s, 45 LB4
Off front: 12 8765s & 8756s, 2 5678s & 6578s, 32 LB4

Phosphorus Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.16-14-1258.36.12.36.18 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: cdf

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Phosphorus, symbol P and atomic number 15, is named from phosphoros meaning `light bearer' and is a non-metal of the nitrogen group. It was discovered in 1669 and can occur in several different forms. Its name comes from the white glow produced by white phosphorus on exposure to air. It is essential for life and its compounds are widely used as fertilisers.

5184 Phosphorus Surprise Major
A R Peake

B W M H 23456
      - 42356
  -   - 35426
x     - 35264
    3 - 23564
x     - 23645
  3   2 36245
  -   2 32465

Repeat

Music: 96 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 12 8765s & 8756s, 21 5867s & 6857s, 15 7586s & 7685s, 29 LB4
Off front: 11 8765s & 8756s, 9 5678s & 6578s, 57 LB4

True to le d with falseness groups abcdef XYZ

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 9 September 1987

Platinum Surprise Major

PN: &-38-1456-56-16-34-1238-14-58 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: B ac

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Platinum, symbol Pt and atomic number 78, is named from platina meaning `little silver'; it is a dense, malleable, ductile, precious, grey-white transition metal. Platinum is found in nature as nuggets and was alloyed with gold in artefacts which predate Columbus that have been found in Ecuador. Currently it is widely used in catalytic convertors and in jewellery.

5024 Platinum Surprise Major
A J Cox

M 3 B 5 W H 23456
-   x   - - 42356
2 S   S     53246 A
  S   S 2 - 36245
-   x   - - 23645
-   x   - - 62345
2   x     - 52436
-         - 64235
-   2   - - 45362
        - - 36452
    x   -   26354
      S     273546
3     S - - 35264
-   x   - - 23564
     A      23456

Music: 144 crus, 18 8765s & 6 8756s, 12 5867s, 6857s, 7586s & 7685s, 32 LB4
Off front: 16 8765s, 12 6578s, 10 5678s, 8 8756s, 43 LB4

Rung at Bristol Cathedral, 21 October 1983

Plumbum Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-58.36-14.58 le 18 13527486 (g)
FG: FG c

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Plumbum, is the latin name for lead from which the symbol Pb is derived. Lead (atomic number 82) is a soft, malleable and durable metal and is extensively used in the building industry.

5152 Plumbum Surprise Major
A J Cox

V  O I  23456
SS S SS 24356
   - SS 43256*
SS - SS 32456
SS S    34256
SS - SS 42356
S    S  52364
S  6    42365
S    S  62354
S  - SS 23456

6 = BBSBBS, BSBBSB or SBBSBB
As rung maximises crus, starting at * maximises LB4 (musical differences shown in brackets below).

Music: 91 (82) crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 20 (17) 46s, 36 (48) LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 6578s, 39 (45) LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 24 March 1987

These courses are true to falseness groups FGLR bc XYZ

Plutonium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-16-14-58.34-34.18 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: B c

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Plutonium, symbol Pu and atomic number 94, is named from pluto the (dwarf) planet beyond Neptune. It is a radioactive transuranic element and first synthesised in 1940 by bombarding uranium with deuterons. It has a silvery-grey appearance and rapidly tarnishes in air. The half-life of the longest-lived isotope is about 80 million years. Plutonium was used in the first nuclear test and in the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki.

5024 Plutonium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M W B H (42536)
    x   (25463)
      -  42563  A
    x   (25436)
      -  42536
  -  A   34526
  - x   (35264)
      -  23564
      x  52346
- -  A   43625
  - x   (46253)
      x  24635
  - x   (26354)
      -  32654
      x  63245
      2  32645
2     2  23546
  -     (42536)

Snap start and finish. x = 1456, all other calls = 14

Music: 73 crus inc 16 56s & 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 34 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 47 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 30 December 1987

Also true to Cassiobury S, Clent S, Cobalt S, Leaning S, Padfield S, Pettaugh S, Vanadium S and Ullenhall S Major

5056, 5120, 5184 Plutonium Surprise Major
see compositions of Cassiobury Surprise Major

Polonium Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-38-12-1458-1236-78 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: B a

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Polonium, with the symbol Po and atomic number 84, was discovered in 1898 by Marie and Pierre Curie and is named after Poland, Marie's home country (Polonia, in latin). A rare and highly radioactive metalloid (or semi-metal) and it occurs naturally in uranium ores such as pitchblende.

5024 Polonium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M I 5 W H 23456
        2 34256
      - 2 32546
      -   43526
- S S     24365
  x -     43265
- x -     35264
  x -     52364
  x -     23564
2 x -     32465
  S S -   46253
-   S     273546
3   S     26354
2     -   54263
  S S     63425
-     2 - 53246
      2 - 23456

S at In = S 3rds

Music: 104 crus inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s, 15 8765s, 7586s & 6857s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 36 LB4, tittums
Off front: 12 5678s & 8765s, 7 6578s, 6 8756s, 37 LB4

Rung at Faringdon, 4 October 2011

Also true to Astatine S, Bectone S, Boron S, Humph S, Iceland Spar S, Lessness S and Uxbridge S

5120 Polonium Surprise Major
see composition of 5120 Astatine Surprise Major
Music: 144 crus, 15 8765s & 7586s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 27 LB4, tittums
Off front: 10 5678s & 8765s, 8 6578s, 6 8756s, 31 LB4
Rung at Barrow Gurney, 3 September 1986

5120 Polonium Surprise Major
see composition of 5120 Iceland Spar Surprise Major

Positronium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14.56-58.36-14-58-14.56.18 le 18 13527486 (g)
FG: D ac

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Positronium (Ps) is a system consisting of an electron and its anti-particle, a positron, bound together into an `exotic atom'. It is extremely unstable and the two particles annihilate each other to produce two gamma-ray photons after an average lifetime of 142 ns in vacuum.

5024 Positronium Surprise Major
see composition of 5024 Stibium Surprise Major
Music: 80 crus inc 20 56s & 16 65s, 24 8765s, 20 8756s, 8 6857s, 6 7586s, 7685s & 5867s, 56 LB4
Off front: 24 5678s, 22 8765s, 11 6578s & 8756s, 34 LB4

5088 Positronium Surprise Major
see composition of 5088 Stibium Surprise Major
Music: 117 crus inc 19 56s & 20 65s, 12 7685s, 6 5867s, 5 6857s, 30 LB4, tittums
Off front: 12 5678s, 10 6578s & 8756s, 46 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 30 October 1991

Potassium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14-56-38.14-14.58.14-36.78 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: E ac

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Potassium (atomic number 19) derives its name from potash an impure form of potassium carbonate known to the ancients. Its symbol is K from the neo-latin, kalium, which is from `alkali' and the arabic word for plant ashes. Potassium metal was first isolated in 1807 by Sir Humphry Davy. It is a soft silvery-white alkali metal that oxidizes rapidly in air and is very reactive with water.

5056 Potassium Surprise Major
see composition of 5056 Technetium Surprise Major

Music: 144 crus, 8 7568s & 7468s, 32 LB4
Off front: 11 5678s & 8756s, 9 8765s & 6578s, 32 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 May 1988

Praseodymium Surprise Major

PN: &56-56.14-56-38-14-58-14-18 le 18 13527486 (g)
FG: ac

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Praseodymium is a rare-earth metal in the lanthanide series; it has symbol Pr and atomic number 59. The name praseodymium comes from the Greek prasinos, meaning green, and didymos, twin as it was extracted from didymium which was originally thought to be a single element but was shown, in 1885, by Carl Auer von Welsbach to be a mixture of praseodymium and neodymium, the next element in the periodic table. Praseodymium's applications include the use as a filter for yellow light in welders' and glass-blowers' goggles.

5152 Praseodymium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V O I  4  H 8/6 23456
  -       x     23645
  3         SS  45362
- - -     x     24365
  2       x     43526
            SS  26354
  3*  (S        273546
3      S) x     32465

Repeat, omitting 3* in first part and calls in brackets in 2nd part

Music: 128 crus inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s, 12 8765s & 8756s, 8 7568s, 46 LB4
Off front: 20 5678s, 8765s & 6578s, 8 8756s, 44 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 4 April 1984

Also true to Ich Dien S, Philip S, Queen Camel S, Terrific S and Wednesday S.

For other variants of this composition see 5152 Ich Dien S Major and 5152 Queen Camel S Major.

5152 Praseodymium Surprise Major
see 5152 Einsteinium Surprise Major

Music: 80 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 12 8765s, 8756s, 7568s, 7586, 7685s, 5867s & 6857s, 56 LB4
Off front: 24 5678s, 8765s & 6578s, 12 8756s, 52 LB4, backrounds

Promethium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-12-38.14-14.38.14-12.78 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: BDK

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Promethium (symbol Pm, atomic number 61) is the only rare-earth metal not found in nature as all its isotopes are radioactive. It is named after Prometheus of Greek mythology who stole fire from the Gods and gave it to humans. Although it had been postulated that there should be an element in the periodic table between neodymium and samarium, it was not until 1945 that promethium was first identified at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, by using ion-exchange chromatography to separate it from the other fission products of uranium fuel taken from a nuclear reactor.

5152 Promethium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V B M W 4 I H  23456
  x         3  35264
-   3          372546
2   3   x      427365
      3   x   (23456)
      -        52436
    - 2     3  23645
      -        42635
    2 2     3  23456

Music: 72 crus inc 24 56s & 64s, 24 8765s & 7568s, 54 LB4, tittums
Off front: 6 5678s, 12 6578s, 8765s & 8756s, 45 LB4

Rung at Knowle, Bristol, 24 November 1979

These courses are true to all BCDK a YZ

Protactinium Surprise Major

PN: &34-38.14-12-38.14-14.58-14-58 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: BDK c

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Protactinium is radioactive silver-grey metal with symbol Pa and atomic number 91. It occurs naturally in very small amounts as part of the decay process of uranium and thorium. The longest-lived isotope has a half-life of over 32000 years. Protactinium was first identified in 1913 by Fajans and Göhring and named brevium because of its short half-life; a longer-lived isotope was discovered by Hahn and Meitner in 1917–8 and called proto-actinium. IUPAC finally decided on protactinium, meaning `parent of actinium', in 1949.

5056 Protactinium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W M  H 23456
-    - 45236
S S    24365
S S  - 63254
- -  - 42635
2    2 36245
  3* - 23645

Repeat twice calling 3* in 2nd part only
S = 1256; tenor makes 5ths at single at M (3 lead course)

Music: 89 crus inc 15 56s & 14 65s, 45 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s, 6578s & 8756s, 37 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 3 July 1985

Also true to Radcliffeborough S and Walford S

5088 Protactinium Surprise Major
BYROC

W 5/4 B M H 23456
   x    - 2 43526
-       - - 65432
   2    -   63425
   x        54263
      2 - - 54326
   x        63254
-  x        42356

Repeat twice

Music: 97 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 20 46s, 11 64s, 31 LB4, tittums
Off front: 9 5678s, 3 8765s, 51 LB4

Also true to Radcliffeborough S and Walford S

Protium Surprise Major

PN: &34-58.14-58-38.14-14.38.56-14.38 le 18 18674523 (k)
FG: DK c

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Protium is the lightest isotope of hydrogen and its nucleus is just a proton with no neutrons. It is also known as hydrogen-1 and light hydrogen. It is the commonest isotope of hydrogen and because it appears to be a simple two-body system has been much studied in quantum mechanics and quantum field theory.

5152 Protium Surprise Major
A J Cox

I 6 V H O W  23456
2   -        62534
-       -    35264 A
    3   2    23564
     A       23645
2 x          372546
    3 x      234756
          x (42635)
    -        52436
-       3    23456

Music: 70 crus inc 15 56s & 9 65s, 15 8765s, 9 8756s, 5 7568s, 41 LB4
Off front: 15 6578s & 8756s, 7 8765s, 6 5678s, 35 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 2 May 1990

These courses are true to falseness groups BDK acd YZ

Quarkonium Surprise Major

PN: &-36-14-58-36.14-14.58.14.36-78 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: EN d

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Quarkonium is a flavorless meson whose constituents are a quark and its own antiquark. Examples of quarkonia are the J/Psi meson (charmonium) and the Upsilon meson (bottomonium).

5376 (5152) Quarkonium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W 3 4 H 23456
x S   x   735264
      x   43526
x   x     46253
    x   S 42356

Repeat five times, omitting S at H in 3rd & 6th parts.
S = 1234, x = 1256.
Omit xx at 4 or 3 in one part for 5152.

Music (5376): 52 crus inc 12 56s & 24 65s, 12 8765s, 24 8756s, 24 7568s, 60 LB4, queens
Off front: 12 8765s & 5678s, 18 8756s & 6578s, 66 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 21 May 1986

These courses are true to falseness groups CEGIMNORS bdef XYZ

5376 (5152) Quarkonium Surprise Major
see composition of 5376 (5152) Didymium Surprise Major
Music (5376): 52 crus inc 24 56s & 12 65s, 24 8765s, 12 8756s, 12 7568s, 64 LB4, tittums
Off front: 18 8765s & 5678s, 12 8756s, 12 6578s, 66 LB4

Quicksilver Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14.58.12-38.14-14.58.14-16.58 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: BD bd

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Quicksilver is the common name for mercury which is a silvery liquid at room temperature.

5120 Quicksilver Surprise Major
A J Cox

W M B H 23456
      2 34256
3 2     64352
-   x - 56423
  2     36524
2 2     42635
2     3 23645
- -   - 56234
    x - 56342
- 3     45362
- -   - 23456

Music: 69 crus inc 15 56s & 9 65s, 9 8756s, 44 LB4
Off front: 12 8765s & 5678s, 52 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 6 June 1979

True to lead end e methods with falseness groups BDK abcdef XYZ

Radium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-58-36.14-14.38.12-14.38 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BO abc

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Radium, atomic number 88 with symbol Ra, is a white alkaline earth metal which readily oxidizes in air, becoming black. All isotopes of radium are highly radioactive; the most stable isotope is radium-226, which has a half-life of 1601 years and decays into radon gas. It was discovered by the Curies in 1898 and occurs as a result of the decay of heavier elements such as uranium and thorium.

5376 (5152) Radium Surprise Major
Simon Humphrey

M W H (32456)
    S  34256
  2 S  42536
-   S  56234
  - S  32564
-   SS 52463
2     (32564)

Repeat twice. Snap start and finish. For 5152 omit SS at H in 2nd part.

Music (5152): 83 crus inc 14 56s & 65s, 2 8765s & 8756s, 26 LB4, no 82s or 72s
Off front: 5 8765s & 8756s, 1 5678 & 6578, 33 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 31 December 1986

Radon Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-56.38.14-14.38.14-34.18 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: ace

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Radon, atomic number 86 with symbol Rd, is a radioactive, colourless, odourless noble gas occurring naturally as a decay product of radium. Its most stable isotope, 222Rn, has a half-life of 3.8 days and it is considered a health hazard due to this radioactivity. It was discover in 1900 by Friedrich Dorn although the Curies, the previous year, had noticed that the gas given off from radium remained radioactive for some time. Radon decays to polonium, but that is radioactive too and the ultimate stable product is lead.

5088 Radon Surprise Major
A J Cox

B M 4/I W H 23456
          2 34256
  2  x  1   43265
- 2       1 32654
        2 1 62534
        2   23564

Repeat twice. 4ths place calls

Music: 132 crus inc 23 56s & 21 65s, 9 8765s & 8756s, 5 7568s, 32 LB4
Off front: 513 8765s & 8756s, 6 5678, 5 6578, 38 LB4

Rung at Yatton, 30 June 1979

5120 Radon Surprise Major
A J Cox

B H M W 23456
  2     34256
    2   64352 A
- 1     64523
-     2 23645 
   A    23564
  2     35264
    1   25463
- 1     25634
      1 32654

Repeat. 4ths place calls

Music: 138 crus inc 24 56s & 23 65s, 9 8765s, 7 8756s, 47 LB4, tittums
Off front: 13 8765s & 8756s, 6 5678s, 4 6578s 43 LB4

True to le j with falseness groups abcdef XYZ

Rhenium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.16-12-58.14.36.14.58 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: DE c

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Rhenium, atomic number 75 with symbol Re, is a silvery-white, hard, transition metal with a high melting point. In 1925, it was discovered by the Germans, Noddack, Tache and Berg, and was the last of the stable elements to be discovered. It is one of the rarest naturally occurring elements and it is named after the river Rhine. Rhenium is a constituent of high-temperature superalloys used to make jet engine parts.

5024 Rhenium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M I/5 B H 23456
-     x   35426 A
- SS    3 23564
    A     23645
-     x - 63425
  SS      25346
   2      32546
-     x   24536
-     x   43526 B
  SS      26354
   2      32654
    B     32465
-     x - 42635
      x 3 23456

SS = S3rds,S5ths

Music: 120 crus inc 22 56s & 19 65s, 6 8765s, 5 8756s, 23 LB4
Off front: 2 8765s, 4 8756s, 1 6578s & 5678s, 46 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 17 March 1982

Rhodium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36.14-14.58.14.36-18 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: GO c

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Rhodium, atomic number 45 with symbol Rh, is a silvery-white, hard, and chemically inert transition metal in the platinum group. Its name is derived from the Greek rhodon meaning rose because of the rose colour of the solutions of its salts. It was discovered in 1803–4 by William Wollaston who isolated it from a crude platinum ore. Rhodium is resistant to corrision and is widely used in the catalytic converters.

5376 (5152) Rhodium Surprise Major
Roger Baldwin

O  V  I 23456
S       24356
- (SS)S 53246
   S  S 43265
   S    53264
3  S  S 63245
3  S  S 43256
-       32456

Repeat. Omit (SS) in one part for 5152.

Music (5152): 116 crus inc 24 56s & 16 65s, 8 8756s, 28 LB4
Off front: 12 8765s, 10 8756s, 8 6578s, 6 5678s, 34 LB4

Rung (as 5152) at Bristol Cathedral, 29 July 1983

These courses are true to falseness groups GIOR bc XYZ

Roentgenium Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.14-12-38.14-14.58.14-16.38 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: BDM d

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Roentgenium, atomic number 111, is an unstable synthetic element named after the German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen. 3 atoms of it were first synthesized in 1994 at GSI Darmstadt.

5056 Roentgenium Surprise Major
BYROC

B M W H 23456
  2 - - 25634
x     - 25346
  -   - 63542
  - - - 24536
    S S 35426
  S   - 46523
  3 -   24563
  -   S 53462
  S   - 42365
  3 3 - 34265
    S S 62435
  S   - 45236
  - - - 63254
  -   3 23456

Music: 78 crus inc 22 56s & 18 65s; 37 LB4
Off front: 31 LB4

Rung at Bristol Cathedral, 2 July 2004

5088 Roentgenium Surprise Major
BYROC

B M W 3 H 23456
    2 S   36425
    -   - 42365
  -       32564
S       - 63254
x         35642
S       S 35426
    -   - 42356

Repeat twice, S = 1256

Music: 79 crus inc 24 56s & 18 65s; 34 LB4
Off front: 37 LB4

Rubidium Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-38-12-38-14-38 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: B ad

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Rubidium is named from rubidus the latin for dark red, the colour its salts give to a flame. It is a member of the alkali metal series and has atomic number 37 and symbol Rb. It was discovered in 1861 by Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff at Heidelberg, Germany, in the mineral lepidolite through the use of a spectroscope. It is a very soft, ductile, silvery-white metal which melts at 39.3 °C and reacts violently with water.

5152 Rubidium Surprise Major
A J Cox

I 4 W M B H  23456
    3   x   (35264)
      3      35264
  x          427365
x         -  42356
    - -      34625
    -     3  23645
    -        42635
x            234756
        x   (372546)
      3      372546
  x - 2      54326
    2     -  34256
    3     -  23456

Music: 72 crus inc 15 56s & 9 65s, 15 8765s, 7685s & 5867s, 10 7568s, 9 8756s; 55 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s & 8765s, 8 8756s & 6578s, 46 LB4

Rung at Bristol Cathedral, 18 February 1983

These courses are true to all methods with falseness B ad YZ

Ruthenium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-1456-1256-16-34-1458-16-58 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: B

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Ruthenium, from ruthenia the latin for Russia, was discover in 1844 and has atomic number 44. It is hard white brittle transition metal of the platinum group and when alloyed makes a good "harderer" for metals such as platinum.

5056 Ruthenium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B M W 4 3 H 23456
          - 42356
    -       54326
  - -     S 26345
    -     3 42365
  -       3 32564
x         S 23645
    2       34625
  2 -     - 32546
    3   S   472536
  3   S   2 25346
    -     2 23456

Music: 106 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 23 46s, 22 64s; 18 8765s, 7685s, 7586s, 6 8756s, 7568s; 49 LB4
Off front: 19 5678s & 8765s, 17 8756s, 7 6578s, 51 LB4

Rung at Holy Sepulchre, Northampton, 27 July 2008, conducted by George H Campling

5088 Ruthenium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B M W 4 3 H 23456
  -         43652
x         S 34526 
        S   274536
      S   - 53426
  S S       23465
  -       S 45362
    -       64352
  -         34256

Repeat twice

Music: 82 crus inc 24 56s & 65s; 18 8765s, 7586s, 12 5867s, 6 8756s, 7568s; 46 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 8765s, 12 8756s, 6 6578s, 48 LB4

Rung at Bristol cathedral, 13 May 2006, conducted by D John Hunt

5088 Ruthenium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B M W 4 3 H 23456
          - 42356
  -       S 36254
    -       53264
  -       - 42365
  -         32564
x         S 23645
    -   S   372645
      S     42635
    2     S 26345
    -     - 34265
      S     526374
        S - 23465
x         S 32654
x         - 32546
    -   S   273546
      S     43526
    -   S   374526
      S     24536
    -   S   472536
      S   2 25346
    -     2 23456

Music: 110 crus inc 23 56s, 22 65s, 21 46s, 64s; 20 8765s, 18 7586s, 7685s, 12 8756s, 6 5867s, 6857, 7568s; 38 LB4, Tittums
Off front: 20 5678s, 18 8765s, 8756s, 12 6578s, 48 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 10 September 1980

Note 3M can be added in 273546 and the two pairs of S3S4 omitted, if desired

5184 Ruthenium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B M W 4 I H 23456
          - 42356
  -       S 36254
    -     2 32564
x         S 23645
    3     S 26345
      x     537246
        x - 53264
  -       3 23465
x         S 32654
x         - 32546
    -   S   273546
  3   S     43526
    2     2 25346
    -     2 23456

S at In = S 3rds

Music: 116 crus inc 23 56s & 64s, 22 65s & 46s, 18 8765s, 7586s & 7685s, 6 8756s, 7568s & 2468s inc Queens, 38 LB4, tittums
Off front: 20 5678s & 8756s, 18 8765s, 8 6578s, 45 LB4, backrounds

Composed in 1982, rung at Heywood, 4 June 2014, conducted by George H Campling

Rutherfordium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-36-34-58-14-78 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: B c

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Rutherfordium, with symbol Rf and atomic number 104, is named after the New Zealand physicist Ernest Rutherford. It is a synthetic radioactive element whose most stable known isotope has a half life of 1.3 hours. Rutherfordium was first reported by Russian scientists in 1964 and then conclusively synthesised at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1969. The competing claims to its discovery led to a naming controversy and kurchatovium, dubnium and unnilquadium were all proposed or used temporally for element 104 before rutherfordium was finally approved in 1997.

5152 Rutherfordium Surprise Major
A J Cox

O 7 V 6 I 23456
-       2 53246
-       2 43526
      S   273546
  S     - 32546
2   S     63245
S       S 42365
-   -     53264
2   3     25364
-   2     23465
2       S 62345
S   S   - 34256
2       3 23456

Music: 68 crus inc 15 56s & 13 65s; 5 8765s, 3 8756s; 40 LB4, tittums
Off front: 15 5678s & 6578s, 11 8765s, 9 8756s, 48 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 9 November 1988

These courses are true to falseness groups B c YZ

Samarium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14-56-38-14-1458-34-58 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: B ac

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Samarium, with atomic number 62 and symbol Sm and is a silvery-white rare-earth metal. Samarium was discovered in 1879 by the French chemist Paul Lecoq de Boisbaudran and named after the mineral samarskite from which it was isolated. The mineral itself had been named after a Russian mine official, Colonel V E Samarsky. Samarium is the 40th most abundant element in the Earth's crust and its main use is in cobalt–samarium magnets which can withstand quite high temperatures without losing their magnetisation.

5024 Samarium Surprise Major
A J Cox

4  O H I V 23456
   3 x     42635 A
       -   23645
     A     23564
   -     - 45362
   -   - - 26354
SS   x     32465
     x     43526 B
   - x     43652
       - - 25346
     B*    24365
     x     32546
       -   24536
     x     52643
   -   -   64523
     x     56342
     x     35264
   2 x     52436
       -   23456

B* = B omitting SS at 4

Music: 120 crus inc 20 56s & 65s, 8 7468s, 6 7568s, 4 8765s & 8756s, 34 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s & 8765s, 9 6578s, 5 8756s, 46 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 24 October 1984

Also true to Avon Gorge S, Dale S and Quirrel S Major

5024 Samarium Surprise Major
see composition of 5024 Xavier Delight Major

Music: 96 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 16 46s & 64s, 10 7685s & 5867s, 8 7568s, 7586s & 6857s, 4 7468s, 52 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 8765s, 12 6578s & 8756s, 56 LB4, backrounds

5056 Samarium Surprise Major
see composition of 5056 Erythrite Surprise Major

Music: 144 crus, 12 8756s & 8765s, 10 7685s & 7586s, 2 5867s & 6857s, 26 LB4
Off front: 8 8765s & 5678s, 6 6578s, 2 8756s, 42 LB4

5056 Samarium Surprise Major
see composition of 5056 Iodine Surprise Major

Music: 144 crus, 12 8756s & 8765s, 10 7685s & 7586s, 2 5867s & 6857s, 26 LB4
Off front: 8 8765s & 5678s, 6 6578s, 2 8756s, 42 LB4

Scandium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-56.38-14-58-14.36.78 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: ace

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Scandium, has atomic number 21 and symbol Sc and is a silvery-white transition metal. Element 21 was predicted by Mendeleev in 1869 from his periodic table and was discovered in 1879 in the minerals euxenite and gadolinite by Lars Fredrik Nilson and his team and they named it scandium from the Latin Scandia meaning `Scandinavia'.

5088 Scandium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M W B H  23456
      -  42356
-     2  26354
  -   3  52364
-     3  32465
- - x   (42635)
  2   3  23645
  -   -  64235
-     -  52436
  -   2  54326
  -   3  25346
  -   2  23456

Music: 113 crus inc 22 56s & 65s, 5 8765s & 8756s, 31 LB4
Off front: 96 crus inc 19 5678s & 6578s, 5 8765s & 8756s, 45 LB4

Rung at Blackhill, 2 May 1989

True to le c with falseness groups abcdef XYZ

5152 Scandium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W H 23456
  2 34256
- - 25346
  x 32654
  2 26354 A
  x 32465
 A  32546
3 - 53246
2 x 23645
3 A 23564
 A  23456

x = 16, other calls 14

Music: 116 crus inc 22 56s & 65s, 5 8765s & 8756s, 35 LB4
Off front: 98 crus inc 19 5678s & 6578s, 5 8765s & 8756s, 42 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 December 1979

True to all 2nds place methods with falseness groups abcdef XYZ

5376 (5152) Scandium Surprise Major
A J Cox

1 6 7  2345678
- - S  2438765
- -    2435678
  - SS 2435867
-   S  2347856
  - SS 2347685
-   -  4235678

Repeat twice, omit one SS for 5152. Bob at 7 may be called at 2nd course end of each part instead of at part end if preferred.

Music (5376): 64 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 24 8765s & 8756s, 47 LB4
Off front: 51 crus inc 24 5678s & 9 6578s, 24 8765s, 9 8756s, 53 LB4

True to le c with falseness groups CGIKOR abcdef XYZ (and leads end a and e with calling positions 3 4 7 and 2 5 7, respectively)

5152 Scandium Surprise Major
see composition of Marsium Surprise Major

Music: 73 crus inc 24 56s & 23 65s, 20 8765s, 21 8756s, 4 7568s, 49 LB4, tittums
Off front: 60 crus inc 24 5678s & 14 6578s, 20 8765s, 13 8756s, 56 LB4

Seaborgium Surprise Major

PN: &34-38.16-56-38.14-14.58-14.56.18 le 18 14263857 (m)
FG: BDKT c

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Seaborgium, has atomic number 106 and symbol Sg and it is a heavier homologue of tungsten. Seaborgium is named after Glenn T Seaborg, the leader of the American group that first synthesised several of the transuranic elements. Before seaborgium was recognised as the official name for element 106, unnilhexium was used for this element and IUPAC also proposed the name rutherfordium. Its longest-lived isotope has a half life of less than 2 minutes.

5120 Seaborgium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M I/V B W H 23456
          1 42356
        1 2 43526
2  x    2 2 26435
2  x    2 2 35264
1         2 54263
      -   2 65432
2  x    2 2 32654
      -   1 32546

Repeat

Music: 102 crus inc 17 56s & 65s, 6 8765s, 8756s, 15 5867s, 12 7685s, 26 LB4
Off front: 6 8765s & 8756s, 4 6578s, 58 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 21 May 1997

Selenium Surprise Major

PN: -58-14.58-58.36-14-58-14-78.14-14.58.14-14.36.58-58.14-58- le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: c

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Selenium, has atomic number 34 and symbol Se; its name is derived from the Greek selene, meaning moon, because of its similarity to tellurium which is named after the earth. Selenium is a non-metal which can occur in several different forms or allotropes. It was discovered in 1817 by Berzelius and Gahn. The electrical conductivity of selenium varies with light and this makes it highly suitable for light-sensing cells and photoelectric devices.

5024 Selenium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W V 4 B I M H 23456
      x   3   35264
-         - - 42356
    x     -   735462
  6     2   - 34256
-         -   23645
6     x     S 32456
      x       25364
-         - 2 24356
            S 23456

6 = BBSBBS, BSBBSB or SBBSBB

Music: 70 crus inc 24 56s & 22 65s, 24 8765s, 18 8756s, 4 2468s, 36 LB4, tittums
Off front: 20 5678s & 8765s, 14 6578s & 8756s, 46 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 29 May 1985

Also true (with similar music) to Americium S Major, Birstall S, Carlton S, Edmundsbury S, Gressenhall S, Premier S, Transuranium S and Tungsten S Major

5024 Selenium Surprise Major
see composition of Tennessine Surprise Major

Music: 70 crus inc 24 56s & 22 65s, 24 8765s, 18 8756s, 4 2468s, 56 LB4, tittums
Off front: 20 5678s & 8765s, 14 6578s & 8756s, 60 LB4, backrounds

Silicon Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.16-56-36-14-38-12-58 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: B d

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Silicon, from silex, or flint, has the symbol Si and atomic number 14. It is a metalloid and is in the same group of the periodic table as carbon, germanium, tin and lead. It is the second most abundant element on Earth making up one quarter of the Earth's crust; it was first prepared in pure form in 1823. Silicon compounds such as silicon dioxide are widely used in the building industry and pure silicon underpins the electronics industry and modern technology.

5152 Silicon Surprise Major
A J Cox

3  W M B H 23456
SS       S 23465
       S   23645 A
   -   S S 42356
     A     34256
SS -     2 32546
   3     - 53246
   -     S 45263
     -   3 25364
     2   S 45236
   -     S 34265
       S   34625
   -   S S 23456

S = 1256

Music: 86 crus inc 23 56s & 21 65s, 12 8765s & 8756s, 57 LB4, tittums
Off front: 18 8765s & 8756s, 6 5678s & 6578s, 54 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 21 October 1987

These courses are true to all BGL d XYZ

Silver Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-36-12-38.14-14.58 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: BK c

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Silver, from the Old English seolfor, has the symbol Ag from its Latin name argentum and is element 47. It has been known since prehistoric times and is used in jewellery and cutlery. It is a very good conductor of heat and electricity and its salts are used in photography.

5184 Silver Surprise Major
A J Cox

M O H I V W 23456
  3   2     52436
x     - -   53246 A
    x       25346
    2       63425
x           43526
x         x 25634
x     - -   23564
     A      26354
    -       32465
      -     26435 B
x     - -   23645
     AB     23456

x = 14, all other calls 16

Music: 88 crus inc 14 56s & 15 65s, 2 8765s, 4 8756s, 25 LB4
Off front: 6 5678s & 8765s, 9 6578s & 8756s, 37 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 7 February 1990

5088 Silver Surprise Major
BYROC

M B W H 23456
    1 1 45236
2   S S 34562
      1 53462
1     2 32465
    1 1 46325
1 -   2 23645

4ths place calls

Music: 114 crus inc 19 56s & 65s, 2 8765s & 8756s, 23 LB4
Off front: 6 5678s & 8765s, 5 6578s & 8756s, 40 LB4

5088 Silver Surprise Major
BYROC

M B 3/5 W H 23456
  -       2 52364
1       1 1 46325
  -       1 46253
1       1 1 35264
1   SS      63542
  -       1 63425
1       1 2 45236
1       2 1 65324
1       1 1 42356

4ths place calls

Music: 97 crus inc 24 56s & 18 65s, 6 8765s & 9 8756s, 20 LB4
Off front: 9 5678s & 8765s, 6 6578s & 8756s, 56 LB4

Sodium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14-56-38-34-1458-14-58 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: K a

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Sodium, atomic number 11, symbol Na from natrium its latin name, is the second member of the alkali metals group. It was discovered in 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy and is the sixth most abundant element. It occurs in many useful compounds such as salt and baking powder. The element itself is a soft metal that tarnishes rapidly in air and reacts vigorously with water so is normally stored under paraffin.

5056 Sodium Surprise Major
see composition of Welshpool Surprise Major

Music: 120 crus, inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s; 12 8765s, 8756s, 7568s, 5867s, 8 7468s; 48 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s, 18 8765s, 13 6578s & 8756s; 50 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 23 November 1988

5056 Sodium Surprise Major
see composition of Nottinghamshire Delight Major

5184 Sodium Surprise Major
see composition of Malachite Surprise Major

Music: 144 crus; 12 8765s & 8756s, 6 7568s, 32 LB4
Off front: 18 8756s, 12 5678s, 8765s & 6578s, 38 LB4

Stannum Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-1256-16-34-1458.36.12-78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B a

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Stannum is the latin name for tin from which its symbol Sn is derived. Tin has been known since prehistoric times and is the element with atomic number 50.

5086 Stannum Surprise Major
see composition of 5086 Aluminium Surprise Major
Music: 95 crus, inc 15 56s, 16 65s, 16 46s; 18 8765s, 14 7568s, 6 2468s inc Queens, 26 LB4
Off front: 15 8765s, 15 8756s, 13 5678s, 10 6578s, 33 LB4
Rung at Barrow Gurney, 10 January 1987

Stibium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-58-14.56.18 le 18 13527486 (g)
FG: D c

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Stibium (meaning `mark') is the latin name for Antimony from which its symbol Sb is derived. Antimony was discovered about 1450 and is the element with atomic number 51.

5024 Stibium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V B M H W  23456
      S    24356
    S      64352
  -   1    64523
  - 1   S (32564)
      S    35264
      1    23564
      S    25364
    S      45362
1   6*     473526
2 -   1    45623
  - 1   S (32645)
      S    36245
      1    23645
      S    26345
    S      56342
  -   1    56423
  - 1   S (32456)
      1    43256
      S    42356
      2    23456

4ths place calls. 6* = BBSBBS, SBBSB or BSBBSB

Music: 65 crus inc 20 56s & 7 65s, 24 8765s, 5 8756s, 23 7586s, 21 6857s, 6 7685s & 5867s, 56 LB4
Off front: 24 5678s, 22 8765s, 11 6578s & 8756s, 34 LB4

Also true to Positronium S Major

5088 Stibium Surprise Major
A J Cox

1/2 V O I H 23456
      -     34256
    - -     43652
SS          32465
SS          25346
SS        x 25463
    - 2 3   23564

Repeat twice. 6ths place bobs, S = 1458

Music: 93 crus inc 13 56s & 18 65s, 3 8765s, 6 8756s, 14 7685s, 11 6857s, 10 5867s, 30 LB4, tittums
Off front: 12 5678s, 10 6578s & 8756s, 46 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 4 June 1986

Also true to Positronium S Major

Strontium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14-56-36-14-1458-34-58 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: B c

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Strontium, atomic number 38, symbol Sr is named after Strontian, a village in Scotland, and was discovered in 1790. An alkaline earth metal, strontium is a soft silver-white or yellowish metallic element that is highly reactive chemically. Radioactive strontium-90 is present in atomic fallout and is absorbed by bone tissue in place of calcium and can cause cancer.

5152 Strontium Surprise Major
A J Cox

4 O  6 7 I V  (42536)
         - -   63245
         S     43265
  2        SS  24365
  -      S 2   23546
  2      -     24356
  3      2     52346
  -  S     3   473526
S          3   46352
S      S - S   64523
  SS       S   34526
         -     42536
              (42536)

Start and finish at treble snap

Music: 58 crus, inc 18 56s, 12 65s; 18 8765s; 6 8756s, 7568s; 62 LB4
Off front: 24 5678s, 18 8765s, 12 6578s, 8756s; 54 LB4

True to le l with falseness groups B c YZ and -58- start

5056 Strontium Surprise Major
see composition of 5056 Erythrite Surprise Major
Music: 108 crus inc 18 56s & 65s, 12 8765s, 6 8756s, 6 7568s, 28 LB4
Off front: 8 5678s, 8765s, 6 6578s, 2 8756s, 42 LB4

5056 Strontium Surprise Major
see composition of 5056 Iodine Surprise Major
Music: 108 crus inc 18 56s & 65s, 12 8765s, 6 8756s, 6 7568s, 28 LB4
Off front: 8 5678s, 8765s, 6 6578s, 2 8756s, 42 LB4
Rung at Barrow Gurney, 22 April 1986

Sulfur Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.16-56-36-14-38.14-14.58 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: B cd

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Sulfur, the American English spelling of sulphur, is now the officially recognised spelling for element 16 with symbol S. Sulfur is an abundant non-metal which has been known since ancient times and is called brimstone in the Bible. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid at room temperature. Sulfur is the 10th most common element in the universe and is an essential element for all life.

5152 Sulfur Surprise Major
A J Cox

W  M H (43256)
        43256
2    -  23546
3    -  52346
-  S    65324
2  3 -  35264
   3 -  23564
   2    43265
SS - -  52364
-  S    45326
2  3 -  35246
-      (43256)

Start and finish at treble snap

Music: 71 crus, inc 16 56s & 14 65s, 8 8765s & 8756s, 47 LB4, tittums
Off front: 10 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 48 LB4

These courses are true to falseness groups BGLM bcd XYZ.

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 27 June 1990

Tantalum Surprise Major

PN: &38-58.14-12-38.14-14.58.12-16.58 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: B bc

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Tantalum (symbol Ta, atomic number 73), is a shiny, silvery transition metal that is very resistant to corrosion. It is named after the legendary Greek king Tantalus. The discovery of tantalum was reported in 1802 by Anders Gustav Ekeberg at Uppsala University, Sweden. Tantalum is very similar to niobium, which had been discovered the previous year, and the discovery were disputed and it was not till 1846 that Heinrich Rose separated tantalum from niobium and proved conclusively that they were different elements. Tantalum is used in electronic components, surgical implants, handling corrosive materials and strong alloys.

5056 Tantalum Surprise Major
A J Cox

B  M  W  H 23456
      3  - 42356
   -     - 63254
      SS - 26354
SS 3     - 32654
x        - 32546
      -    43526
   2  S  3 23465
      S    63425
   -  2  - 53246
   SS    - 25346
      -  2 23456

NB contains one course with tenors reversed

Music: 85 crus inc 22 56s & 9 65s, 15 8765s, 31 LB4, tittums
Off front: 9 5678s, 15 8765s, 12 8756s, 6 6578s, 40 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 15 January 1980

True to le b with falseness groups B bc XYZ

Technetium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14-56-38.14-14.58.14.36-78 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: E ace

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Technetium (Tc), from technetos, meaning artificial is the lightest element (atomic number 43) without any stable isotopes, although the longest-lived isotopes have half-lives of over a million years. The existence of element 43 was postulated from a gap in the periodic table and early attempts to identify it were later proved to be failures. In 1925 a German team claim the discovery of element 43 and named it masurium, although later experimenters could replicate their work. Element 43 was finally definitively confirmed in 1936 by experimenters at the University of Palermo. They wanted to call the element panormium, after the latin for Palermo, but in 1947 it was officially named technetium, meaning `artificial', since it was the first element to be artificially produced.

5056 Technetium Surprise Major
A J Cox

O  H V I 23456
2  -     34625
3*     - 42635
2      - 43265
   x     24365
   -     32546
     -   62345
-        23645

Repeat twice but omit 3* in first two parts. x = 14, all other calls 16.

Music: 144 crus, 8 7568s & 7468s, 30 LB4
Off front: 10 5678s, 9 8765s, 8 8756s & 6578s, 38 LB4

Also true to Bright S Major, Old Cleeve S Major and Potassium S Major

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 9 December 1980

Tellurium Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-1238-14-58-14-58 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: B ac

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Tellurium, from tellus, the latin word for earth, was discovered in 1782 and has the symbol Te and atomic number 52. Tellurium is a brittle, mildly toxic, rare, silver-white metalloid, with both metallic and non-metallic traits. It looks similar to tin, but is chemically related to selenium and sulphur.

5056 Tellurium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W  V  F  M  H 23456
-  S  S  -    34256
   S  S     - 56234
   S  S       42356 A
   S  S  -  2 32546
3*          - 53246
         -    23645
A omitting 3* 23564
-  S  S  -    35264
   S  S     - 64235
   S  S       52364
   S  S  -  - 26354
   S     3    273546
   S        2 63254
         -    23456

Music: 144 crus, 15 8765s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 27 LB4, tittums
Off front: 14 8765s & 5678s, 8 6578s & 8756s, 38 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 13 April 1983

Also true to Allwood's D, Amber S, Barley S, Burrium S, Cotterdale S, Cregagh S, Ewhurst Castle D, Folgate S, Hanslope S, Humber S, Huntingdon S, Iscalis S, Leicestershire S, Leiston D, Onyx S, Sawbridgeworth S, Spitalfields D, Thorner S, Turquoise S, Voters S, Wells D, Wigston S Major

5088 Tellurium Surprise Major
see composition of 5088 Wanborough Delight Major

Music: 112 crus, inc 24 56s & 65s, 21 46s & 19 64s, 15 8765s, 7586s & 6857s, 10 7685s, 9 8756s & 7568s, 41 LB4, tittums
Off front: 18 5678s & 8765s, 10 8756s & 6578s, 47 LB4, backrounds

Tennessine Surprise Major

PN: -58-14.58-58.36.14-14.58-14-78.14-14.58-14-36-58-14.58-58 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: c

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Tennessine, symbol Ts, is the proposed name (late 2016) for the element with atomic number 117. Tennessine is named in recognition of the contribution of the Tennessee region, for example Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Vanderbilt University, and the University of Tennessee at Knoxville, to superheavy element research. In 2009, the first atoms of element 117 were made in the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions in Dubna, Russia. Tennessine was made by a fusion reaction of calcium-48 with berkelium-249. In two separate experiments lasting 120 days, 6 atoms of tennessine were produced and these decay in less than 100 milliseconds. As a result of its position in Group 17 of the periodic table, tennessine is a member of the halogen group.

5024 Tennessine Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 5 4 B I M H 23456
            - 42356
-         -   34625
6     x     - 34256
      x   -   35264
          S   45263
-         - 2 43256
    x     -   725463
  6     2   - 24356
      x   -   25364
          S   45362
-         - - 23456

6 = BBSBBS or SBBSBB or BSBBSB

Music: 64 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 24 8765s, 16 8756s, 56 LB4, tittums
Off front: 20 5678s & 8765s, 17 6578s, 11 8756s, 60 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 12 August 2016

Also true (with similar music) to Americium S Major, Birstall S, Carlton S, Edmundsbury S, Gressenhall S, Premier S, Selenium S Major, Transuranium S and Tungsten S Major

Terbium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-1456-56-38-14-58-14.36.78 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: ace

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Terbium, symbol Tb and atomic number 65, is a silvery-white rare-earth metal that is malleable, ductile and soft enough to be cut with a knife. It is never found in nature as a free element, but is contained in various minerals. Terbium was discovered in 1843 by Swedish chemist Carl Mosander, who detected it as an impurity in yttrium oxide. It is named, along with three other elements: erbium, ytterbium and yttrium, after the village of Ytterby in Sweden where rare-earth minerals were quarried and mined.

5536 (5088) Terbium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V I H O 23456
      x 35264
3     2 23564
      x 36245
    x   23645
  3   x 34256
  -   - 52436
    x   45236
  -   - 32546
  2   - 35426
    x   43526
  -   x 24365
      2 32465
      x 26354
3   x   32654
      x 25346
      - 53246
  -   2 23456

x = 14, all other calls 16. For 5088 omit any block of 3

Music (5088 as rung omitting 3 V on 26354): 128 crus inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s, 10 7568s, 8 7468s, 40 LB4
Off front: 21 6578s, 19 5678s, 9 8756s, 5 8765s, 40 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 2 July 1986

True to le h with falseness groups abcdef XYZ

Other compositions suitable for Terbium S Major are 5120 Frodsham Surprise Major, 5056 Kalium S Major, 5088 Golden D Major and 5152 Golden D Major

Thallium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-1256-16-34-1458-1236-78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B a

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Thallium derives its name from thallos, meaning young shoot, because of its bright green spectral line. It is the heavist member of the boron family with atomic number 81 and symbol Tl. Independently, both William Crookes and Claude-Auguste Lamy claimed the its discovery in 1861 by using flame spectroscopy on the residues from sulfuric acid production. Soluble thallium salts are highly toxic and were used as rat poison, although their used is now banned in most countries.

5376 (5152) Thallium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W I V  M 4 H   23456
             S   24356
  -          SS  52346
  -          S   43526
    S            273546
         2 x     32645
    x        SS  243756
x                472536
      SS - S    (43526)
         -   S   56324
  -          SS  25364
  -          SS  62354
  -          S   53624
         -   S   64325
  2          SS  42365
  -          S   63425
         -   S   45326
  -          S   23456

Omit any one SS for 5152. S at In = S3rds.

Music (5376): 96 crus inc 16 56s & 65s, 18 8765s, 14 7568s, 6 8756s, 33 LB4, tittums
Off front: 10 8765s & 8756s, 8 5678s & 6578s, 44 LB4

Rung (as 5152) at Barrow Gurney, 14 September 1982

These courses are true to falseness groups B a Z

Thorium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-56.38-14-38.14-14.38 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: R ac

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Thorium, from Thor, the Scandinavian war god, was discovered in 1828 and has the symbol Th and atomic number 90. It is a naturally-occurring slightly radioactive metal. It is more abundant in the Earth's crust than Uranium and can be used as an alternative fuel for nuclear reactors.

5376 (5152) Thorium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W  M  H 23456
      - 42356
S  S  - 36245
SS    S 32645 *
   SS - 63245
S  S  - 25364
      S 23564

Repeat twice, omitting one SS at M for 5152

Music: 108 crus inc 24 56s & 12 65s, 29 LB4, tittums
Off front: 12 5678s, 4 6578s & 8756s, 32 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 24 June 1981

Starting at * gives 12 extra 4-bell runs but has 24 extra 82s

True to falseness groups GR bc XYZ and many methods with a falseness including Ashtead S Major

Thulium Surprise Major

PN: &58.34-14-58-36-14-58-14-18 le 12 16482735 (e)
FG: D c

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Thulium, from Thule, an area in the far north sometimes identified with Iceland, Greenland or Norway, is the element with atomic number 69 and symbol Tm. It is a silver-grey metal and the second least abundant of the lanthanide or rare-earth elements. Thulium was discovered by Swedish chemist Per Cleve in 1879. It is used as the radiation source in portable x-ray devices and in solid-state lasers

5152 Thulium Surprise Major
A J Cox

I 4 W M B H 23456
    3     2 34256
      2     64352 A
    - -   - 23645
    -       42635
x           234756
        x   372546
  x 2     2 36245
      2     56342
    - -   - 23564
     A      23456

Music: 72 crus inc 9 56s & 15 65s, 15 8756s, 3 8765s, 36 LB4
Off front: 12 5678s, 6578s & 8756s, 4 8765s inc backrounds, 40 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 6 March 1985

These courses are true to falseness groups BDK ac YZ

Tin Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.16-14-38-36.14.38 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: NS cd

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Tin, with symbol Sn from the latin stannum, has atomic number 50 and is a main group metal. Tin (with copper) is a constituent of bronze which has been known and used for at least 5000 years. It is a malleable, ductile and highly crystalline silvery-white metal and occurs mainly in the mineral cassiterite as tin oxide (SnO2).

5376 (5152) Tin Surprise Major
24 course block (arranged A J Cox)

O 6 H  23456
S   SS 23465
S S    26453
S S S* 25346

Repeat five times, omitting one S* in parts 1 and 4. S = 1458. Omit SS at H in one part for 5152

Music (5152 omitting SS H in 2nd part): 96 crus inc 16 56s & 65s, 8 8765s & 8756s, 28 LB4, tittums
Off front: 8 8765s & 8756s, 4 5678s & 6578s, 30 LB4

Rung at Bristol Cathedral, 30 September 1988

24-course block with 2 fixed in 2nds place and tenors together, true to GHIKNOPRSU cdef XYZ

Titanium Surprise Major

PN: &38-56.14-56-38-34-1458-14-58 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: B ac

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Titanium, named after Titans, the supermen of Greek myth, was discover in 1791 and has atomic number 22. It is a strong, lustrous, corrosion-resistant transition metal with a silver colour and is the 9th most abundant element. Titanium when alloyed with metals such as iron, aluminium, vanadium, molybdenum produces strong lightweight alloys commonly used in the aerospace industry.

5056 Titanium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 5  4 3 M H 23456
- S  S   -   34256
  S  S     - 56234 A
  S  S       42356
  S  S   - - 25346
           - 32546
2      S     374526
  SS S       24536
-          - 53246
         -   23645
      A      24365
           2 43265
         -   23564
      A      26354
  SS       2 63254
         -   23456

Music: 144 crus; 10 8765s, 15 7586s, 10 6857s, 9 7568s, 6 8756s, tittums, 31 LB4
Off front: 15 8765s, 12 6578s, 11 5678s, 8 8756s, 40 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Burnley, 1 April 2001, conducted by George H Campling

Also true to Amber S Major (103 crus, 17 8765s; 10 5678s, 11 6578s off front) and Onyx S Major (103 crus, 17 8765s; 14 5678s, 7 6578s off front)

5088 Titanium Surprise Major
A J Cox

W 5 4 B M H 23456
- S S   -   34256
  S S     - 56234 A
  S S       42356
  S S   - - 25346
          - 32546
3         - 53246
        -   23645
     A      24365
          2 43265
        -   23564
     A      26354
        3 - 32654
-       -   63425
      x   - 63254
        -   23456

Music: 144 crus, 15 7586s & 6857s, 9 7568s, tittums, 32 LB4
Off front: 12 8765s, 8 5678s, 6578s & 8756s, 38 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 25 April 1979

Also true to Amber S Major (107 crus, 12 8765s; 12 5678s & 6578s off front), Little Bectone S Major (107 crus, 12 8765s; 6 5678s, 2 6578s, 50 LB4 off front) and Onyx S Major (107 crus, 12 8765s; 12 5678s, 8 6578s off front)

Tritium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.16-34-38.56-16.58 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: D ace

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Tritium, symbol T or 3H, is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen. The nucleus of tritium contains one proton and two neutrons, whereas the nucleus of protium (the commonest form of hydrogen) has just a single proton. The name of this isotope is formed from the Greek word `tritos' meaning `third'. Naturally occurring tritium is extremely rare on Earth but it is important in studies of nuclear fusion.

5184 Tritium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M B H 23456
    x 42635
    1 64235
  -   43652
1     63254
    1 26354
    x 32465

Repeat 5 times, calling 1 for x at the end of alternate parts
x = 16, other calls 14

Music: 102 crus inc 17 56s & 65s, 1 8765s & 8756s, 32 LB4
Off front: 1 8765 & 8756, 32 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 6 September 1989

Tungsten Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.36-14-1258-12-78 le 12 13527486 (a)
FG: ac

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Tungsten, from the Swedish tung sten meaning heavy stone, has the symbol W from its German name: wolfram. Its atomic number is 74 and it has the highest melting point of all metals (over 3400 ° C) and is used in filaments in light bulbs and hard materials based on tungsten carbide. It was identified as a new element in 1781, and first isolated as a metal in 1783 by the Spanish Elhuyar brothers.

5152 Tungsten Surprise Major
see composition of Americium Surprise Major

Music: 87 crus, inc 24 56s & 21 65s, 20 8765s, 15 8756s, 24 7685s, 23 6857s, 21 7586s, 12 5867s, 52 LB4, tittums
Off front: 24 5678s, 20 8765s, 19 6578s, 17 8756s, 48 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 6 June 1988

5024 Tungsten Surprise Major
see composition of 5024 Tennessine Surprise Major
Music: 70 crus inc 24 56s & 22 65s, 24 8765s, 18 8756s, 4 2468s, 56 LB4, tittums
Off front: 20 5678s & 8765s, 17 6578s & 8756s, 58 LB4, backrounds

Unnilbium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-56.38.14-14.58-1236-78 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: ac

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Unnilbium (Unb), was the temporary systematic name for element 102. Its discovery was first claimed in 1957 by scientists from the Nobel Institute in Sweden who proposed the name nobelium, after Alfred Nobel. This claim was later withdrawn and further claims to its discovery were made by American in 1959 and Russian teams in 1966. The name nobelium (symbol No) is now recognised as the official name for element 102. It is a metallic radioactive transuranic element in the actinide series.

5056 Unnilbium Surprise Major
see composition of Kalium Surprise Major

Music: 140 crus inc 24 56s & 23 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 38 LB4
Off front: 16 8765s & 8765s, 4 5678s & 6578s, 44 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 13 June 1990

Unnilhexium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14-56-38.14-34.58-14.56.38 le 18 18674523 (k)
FG: B acde

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Unnilhexium, was a temporary name for element 106. Its discovery was first claimed in 1974 by both Russian and American groups. The Americans suggested the name seaborgium (Sg) to honour the American chemist Glenn T Seaborg, but this was opposed and so unnilhexium was used as a temporary systematic name. In 1994 a committee of IUPAC recommended that element 106 should be named rutherfordium but, in 1997, as part of a compromise involving elements 104 to 108, the name seaborgium was finally recognized for element 106.

5152 Unnilhexium Surprise Major
A J Cox

I V H O 23456
- -   - 53624
  - x   54632
- -   - 34256 A
-   x   24653
  -   - 42356
-     2 32546 B
  -   - 23645
   AB   23564
   A    52364
- -     46253
- - x   63254
      - 32654
  -   - 23456

Music: 116 crus inc 20 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s, 8 7568s, 4 7468s, 32 LB4
Off front: 7 6578s, 6 5678s & 8756s, 4 8765s, 41 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 5 November 1986

Unnilpentium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14-56-16-14-58-12-78 le 18 16482735 (l)
FG: K a

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Unnilpentium, was the temporary name for element 105. It was first synthesized and identified at Lawrence Radiation Laboratory in Berkeley, California. They proposed the name hahnium (symbol, Ha), honoring the German physicist Otto Hahn. A conflicting claim from Dubna urged the name nielsbohrium and in 1994 a panel of the IUPAC recommended it be called joliotium, for the French physicist Frederic Joliot-Curie. Eventually in 1997, the IUPAC Commission on Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry resolved that element 105 be called dubnium (symbol, Db), in honor of Dubna.

5056 Unnilpentium Surprise Major
see composition of Nottinghamshire Delight Major

Music: 104 crus inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s, 12 8765s, 8756s, 7568s & 7468s, 58 LB4
Off front: 19 6578s, 18 5678s, 12 8765s, 7 8765s, 56 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 5 April 1989

5184 Unnilpentium Surprise Major
see composition of Malachite Surprise Major

Music: 144 crus; 12 8765s & 8756s, 6 7568s, 36 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 6578s, 12 8756s, 6 8765s, 38 LB4

Unnilquadium Surprise Major

PN: &-34-16-56-16-12-1258-14-18 le 18 18674523 (k)
FG: D ac

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Unnilquadium (symbol Unq) was the temporary name for element 104. This element was first reportedly detected at JINR, Dubna in 1964 and conclusively synthesised by scientists at the University of Berkeley, California in 1969. The Russian group proposed the name kurchatovium and the Americans rutherfordium, while the competing claims were being argued over IUPAC adopted unnilquadium as the temporary systematic element name. The naming dispute was not finally settled until 1997 when rutherfordium was adopted as the name for 104 and the name dubnium was given to element 105.

5184 Unnilquadium Surprise Major
A J Cox

I V  H O 23456
- -  x   36524
- -  x   64235
       - 42635
-    x   62345
  2 3x   32546
  - 2x   23645

Repeat twice; x = 14 (all homes), other calls 16

Music: 114 crus inc 19 56s & 65s, 38 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 6578s, 4 8756s, 2 8765s, 42 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 26 July 1989

Unnilseptium Surprise Major

PN: &36-56.14.58-58.36.14-14.38-12-18 le 12 14263857 (f)
FG: BE cd

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Unnilseptium, was the temporary systematic name for element 107 which was first synthesised in 1981 at GSI, Darmstadt. The name first suggested for this element was nielsbohrium, but in 1994 a committee IUPAC recommended bohrium instead. Although this name was disputed by the discoverers because of possible confusion of its salts with those of boron, the name bohrium was recognised as the official name for element 107 in 1997.

5152 Unnilseptium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M V W H (24635)
    - 3  32645
    -    43625
-   - -  52634
-   2 2  34265
  - - 3  432756
  - - -  23465
    -    62435
-   2 3  23546
    - 3  42536
-   - -  63524
2   -    24635

Snap start and finish

Music: 71 crus inc 9 56s & 17 65s, 8 7568s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 29 LB4
Off front: 3 5678s, 7 8765s, 6 6578s, 9 8756s, 35 LB4

True to le f methods with falseness BE bcdf YZ

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 10 March 1982

Unniltrium Surprise Major

PN: &34-38.16-56-36.14-14.38-34-58 le 18 15738264 (h)
FG: BDK ac

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Unniltrium, was the temporary systematic name for element 103 which was discovered in 1961 by A Ghiorso and his team at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, Berkeley, California. The name Lawrencium (after Ernest O Lawrence, the inventor of the cyclotron) was proposed for this element and ratified by IUPAC in 1967; it's symbol is Lr.

5152 Unniltrium Surprise Major
A J Cox

V I H 6 O W 23456
  2         52436
- -     -   35264 A
3       2   23564
     A      23645
  2   x     372546
    x       234756
          x 42635
- -     -   34256
3       2   23456

Music: 69 crus inc 16 56s & 7 65s; 9 8765s, 7 7568s, 6 8756s, 48 LB4
Off front: 12 8765s & 8756s, 8 6578s, 4 5678s, 38 LB4, backrounds

These courses are true to all BDK ac YZ

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 5 May 1991

Unnilunium Surprise Major

PN: &56-34.16.58-58.36.12-12.38.14-14.38 le 18 14263857 (m)
FG: BD abc

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Unnilunium (Unu), was the temporary systematic name for element 101 which was discovered in 1955 by bombarding einsteinium with alpha particles. The name mendelevium, after Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev who created the Periodic Table, was proposed by the discoverers and endorsed by IUPAC. They gave it the symbol Md. It is a metallic radioactive transuranic element in the actinide series.

5088 Unnilunium Surprise Major
S J Ivin

M B W H 23456
      1 42356
    1 1 35426
    2 2 24536
1 - 2 2 25346
2     1 26543
2     1 23645

Repeat twice. (Do NOT omit MBW in any part as this makes composition false for this method)

Music: 114 crus inc 20 56s & 18 65s, 3 8765s & 8756s, 9 7568s & 7468s, 18 LB4
Off front: 7 6578s, 6 8756s, 5 5678s & 8765s, 36 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 3 October 1990

Uranium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-12-36-34-1458-14-38 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: BD d

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Uranium, named after the planet Uranus, was discovered in 1789 by Martin Klaproth, a German chemist, in the mineral pitchblende. It is the heaviest naturally occurring atom with atomic number 92, has symbol U, and is radioactive although the longest-lived isotope (238U) has a half-life of 4500 million years. The isotope 235U when struck by a neutron breaks into lighter elements and releases energy and further neutrons; this allow a chain reaction to take place and is the basis for nuclear power and weapons.

5152 Uranium Surprise Major
A J Cox

4 M I W B H  23456
x            647253
    x        42635  A
      -      34625
  -          64523
    A     3  35264
  2   2 x   (64523)
  2   -      23645
    x     3  342756
        x   (473526)
  3          473526
x     - x 3  23456

Music: 56 crus inc 24 56s & 64s, 24 8765s, 7568s, 7685s & 5867s, 86 LB4 inc 24 3456s, tittums
Off front: 10 5678s & 8765s, 8 6578s & 8756s, 53 LB4, backrounds

These courses are true to all BDK cdf Z

5152 Uranium Surprise Major
see 5152 Woodley Surprise Major
Music: 72 crus, inc 24 56s & 64s, 24 8765s, 7568s, 7685s & 5867s, 44 LB4, tittums
Off front: 9 5678s & 8765s, 6 6578s & 8756s, 50 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 25 July 1979

Vanadium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-16-14-1258-12-18 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: B c

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Vanadium, named after Vanadis, a Scandinavian goddess, was discover in 1830 and has atomic number 23. A soft and ductile silver-grey metal, it is added to steel to produce one of the toughest alloys. It is one of the 26 elements found in most living organisms.

5024 Vanadium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M W B H (42536)
      -  54236
- - x   (26354)
      -  32654
    x   (26345)
      -  32645
  - x   (36452)
      x  43625
  - x   (46253)
      -  24653  A
    x   (46235)
      -  24635
2     x  25463
      -  42563
    x   (25436)
      -  42536
  -   -  53426
      x  45362
      -  34562
    x   (45326)
      -  34526
   A     23546
  -     (42536)

Snap start and finish. x = 1456, all other calls 14

Music: 66 crus inc 16 56s & 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 38 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 51 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Weston super Mare, 4 April 2017

5088 Vanadium Surprise Major
A J Cox

4 M 5 3 W B H  23456
        -      52436
  S         S  64235
        S   3  34265
        S   S  62435
  S     2   2  34256
        -   -  25346
  -       x   (54326)
        -   -  32546
      S       (472536)
  3 S          46253
  3 S          472536
S       3   -  53246
        2   -  23456

Music: 62 crus inc 18 56s, 6 65s, 17 46s; 12 8765s, backrounds, 38 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s, 8765s, 12 6578s, 6 8756s, 38 LB4

True to le c, B c Y

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 18 February 2005

5088 Vanadium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M W B H  23456
  -   2  24536
  -   2  25346
-   x   (54326)
  -   -  32546
  2   -  52436
  2   -  42356
S     S  63254
  S   -  25364
3     2  53264
-     3  23465
2 S   S  62354
S     2  23456

Music: 72 crus inc 15 56s, 13 65s, 17 46s, 11 64s; 3 8765s, tittums, backrounds, 38 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 6578s, 9 8765s, 8756s, 49 LB4

True to le c, BL c XYZ

Rung at Stratton St Margaret, 17 March 1979

5120 Vanadium Surprise Major
A J Cox

4 M V 3 W B H  23456
            -  42356
  3     -   2  43526
        2      32546
      S       (472536)
  3 S          46253
  3 S          472536
S       -   -  54326
        2   -  34256
  -       x   (45236)
  -       x   (53246)
        - x   (53462)
  S         2  34265
        S x   (43652)
            -  64352
  -         -  23456

Music: 65 crus inc 24 56s & 4 65s, 12 8765s 40 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 8765s, 12 6578s, 6 8756s, 38 LB4, backrounds,

Rung at Broadclyst, 22 May 2010

5152 Vanadium Surprise Major
A J Cox

4 M 3 W H  23456
        2  34256
      - 2  32546
      -    43526
    S     (273546)
  3        273546
S     2 -  53246
  S     S  62345
      S 2  23465
  2     -  25364
  3     2  53264
  -     -  42365
      S S  63245
S     2 -  23456

Music: 64 crus inc 13 56s & 13 65s; 9 8765s, 3 8756s, tittums, backrounds, 40 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 6578s, 8765s, 9 8756s, 45 LB4

These courses are true to all B c YZ (an old Yorkshire composition recycled)

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 10 February 1999

5184 Vanadium Surprise Major
see 5184 Pettaugh Surprise Major
Music: 64 crus, inc 24 56s & 6 65s, 12 8765s, 46 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s & 8765s, 12 6578s, 6 8756s, 38 LB4, backrounds

5024 Vanadium Surprise Major
see 5024 Plutonium Surprise Major
Music: 73 crus, inc 16 56s & 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 34 LB4
Off front: 18 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 47 LB4

Virginium Surprise Major

PN: &-56-14-56-38.14-14.58.36-36.18 le 18 13527486 (g)
FG: E ac

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Virginium was a name proposed for element 87 by the American scientist Fred Allison when he claimed its discovery in 1930. However by 1934 his claim was proved to be false and the element was subsequently definitively identified by Marguerite Perey of the Curie Institute in Paris in 1939 and named francium.

5024 Virginium Surprise Major
A J Cox

I H 23456
3 x 42356
  x 34256
2 x 25346
  - 32654
  x 63254
  x 26354 A
  - 32465
 A  32546
3 x 53246
- - 23645
3 x 62345
  x 36245
  - 23564
 A  23456

x = 14, all other calls 16.

Music: 144 crus, 10 7568s & 7468s, 36 LB4
Off front: 11 5678s & 6578s, 7 8765s & 8756s, 44 LB4

Rung at Bristol Cathedral, 12 October 1982

Also true to Lyveden S Major

Wolfram Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-36.14-14.58.34-14.78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B cd

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Wolfram is the german name for tungsten (atomic number 74) and the name from which its symbol (W) is derived. It is a hard, rare metal which is found naturally only in compounds. It was identified as a new element in 1781, and first isolated as a metal in 1783. It has the highest melting point of all the elements and forms many useful alloys.

5152 Wolfram Surprise Major
A J Cox

B  W M 3  H (42536)
          S  42563
     -    -  35264
   -      SS 63254
   2 3    2  52364
     -       32465
SS   -    S  42536
   -   SS    34526
   -      -  52346
   2   SS    24356
   -      -  35246
   -      SS 43256
   2      -  23546
   -        (42536)

Snap start and finish. S = 1256

Music: 71 crus inc 12 56s & 65s, 4 8765s & 8756s, 32 LB4
Off front: 9 5678s, 11 6578s & 8765s, 13 8756s, 37 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 8 November 1979

These courses are true to all BGLM bcd XYZ

5152 Wolfram Surprise Major
see 5152 Niobium Surprise Major
Music: 72 crus, inc 16 56s & 12 65s, 6 8765s & 8756s, 36 LB4
Off front: 15 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 41 LB4

Ytterbium Surprise Major

PN: &-38-14-1256-16-12-58.16-12.78 le 12 18674523 (d)
FG: B

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Ytterbium, named after Ytterby in Sweden, was discover in 1878 and has atomic number 70 and symbol Yb. A soft silvery metallic element, it is easily oxidised and occurs in the minerals gadolinite, monazite and xenotime.

5056 Ytterbium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W I V M 4 H  23456
x              35264
      S 3      372645
      S   x    427365
    x         (23456)
  - x         (235764)
  -   3        725364
  S   - S x    357624
    x          56342
x              64523
        S      34526
x           3  42365
        -      32564
  S     -   3  52436
  2         3  23456

Music: 58 crus inc 24 56s & 65s, 24 8765s & 8756s, 10 7568s, 5 7468s, 74 LB4
Off front: 24 5678s & 6578s, 23 8765s, 22 8756s, 68 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Winford, 31 March 2017

5120 Ytterbium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W I V M H  23456
  - x       (235764)
  -   3      725364
S -       -  537246
    x     2  25364
        S    45362
      S 3    473625
      S S -  32564
x            26345
  -       3  42365
  -     S -  35426
  -       2  34256
  -       3  53246
  2       -  23456

Music: 98 crus inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s; 22 8765s, 23 8756s, 12 5867s, 8 2468s inc Queens, tittums, 46 LB4
Off front: 24 5678s, 8765s, 6578s & 8756s, 46 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Coalpit Heath, 20 October 2012

5152 Ytterbium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W 3 M 4 H 23456
          - 42356
  -   S     64325
  -     x   537246
    In    3 32564
x         S 23645
    S       473625
        S S 26345
  -       3 42365
  -   S     54326
  -       - 32546
  - S       273546
      3 S   43526
  2       2 25346
  -       2 23456

Music: 112 crus inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s, 64s; 20 8765s, 12 8756s, 18 7586s, 6 7568s, 7685s, 5867s, 2468s inc Queens, Tittums, Backrounds, 40 LB4
Off front: 24 8765s, 8756s, 18 5678s, 14 6578s, 43 LB4

Rung at Moretonhampstead, 18 April 2006

5152 Ytterbium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W 3 M 4 H  23456
          -  42356
      S   S  63254
  S       2  32564
x         SS 26345
        x    537246
   In 2   3  42365
      -   -  53264
  S       S  62354
      S   -  34256
  -       2  32546
  S S        372546
      3 S    42536
  S       -  53246
  2       -  23456

Music: 128 crus inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s, 64s; 18 8765s, 12 7586s, 6 8756s, 7685s, 5867s, 2468s inc Queens, Tittums, Backrounds, 40 LB4
Off front: 24 8765s, 8756s, 15 5678s, 9 6578s, 44 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 22 April 1981

5152 Ytterbium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W 3 M 4 H 23456
          - 42356
      S   S 63254
  S       2 32564
x         S 23645
    S       473625
        S S 26345
        x   537246
   In 2   3 42365
      -   - 53264
  S       S 62354
      S   - 34256
  -       2 32546
    S       472536
      3 S - 53246
  2       - 23456

Music: 128 crus inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s, 64s; 20 8765s, 12 8756s, 6 7586s, 7685s, 5867s, 2468s inc Queens, tittums, 40 LB4
Off front: 24 8765s, 8756s, 18 5678s, 14 6578s, 45 LB4, backrounds

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 16 February 1994

5184 Ytterbium Surprise Major
A J Cox

B W M H  23456
  - - -  64235
x     S  46352
    - SS 36254
  -   3  53264
  2 - S  24653
x     -  24536
  -   3  32546

Repeat

Music: 128 crus inc 24 56s, 65s, 46s & 64s; 12 6857s, 10 7586s, 8 7685s, 6 5867s, tittums, 38 LB4
Off front: 24 8765s & 8756s, 41 LB4, backrounds

Published in A Collection of Compositions in Popular Major Methods (2001)

Yttrium Surprise Major

PN: &-58-16-12-36.14-14.58-36-58 le 12 15738264 (b)
FG: BN cd

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Yttrium, symbol Y and atomic number 39, is a silver rare-earth metal, it is named after Ytterby in Sweden, near where the ore from which it was first extracted was found. Johan Gadolin extracted yttrium's oxide in 1789 from a new mineral found two years earlier. Elemental yttrium was first isolated in 1828 by Friedrich Wöhler. Yttrium is used in the production of a large variety of synthetic garnets, it is also used in colour tubes for televisions, high-temperature superconductors and cancer treatments.

5088 Yttrium Surprise Major
Richard F B Speed

B M W H 23456
      - 42356
2     - 25634
    2   53624 A
x     2 25346
  - 3   35642
x     3 54326
    - - 32546
   A    24536
      - 52436
   A    23456

Music: 55 crus inc 18 56s & 4 65s, 2 8765s & 8756s, 32 LB4, tittums
Off front: 8 8765s, 4 5678s, 6578s & 8756s, 55 LB4

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 4 September 1979

Zinc Surprise Major

PN: &-58-14.58-58.16-14-1258.36.12.36.18 le 18 17856342 (j)
FG: cdf

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Zinc, the name is derived from the German zin for tin, has atomic number 30 and symbol Zn; it is a silvery-white metal with a blue tinge. Zinc has been known for at least 2000 years and was recognised as a metal in India about 1000 years ago. Zinc refining was carried out extensively in China in the 1500s but as far as Europe was concerned the discovery of zinc is credited to the German chemist Andreas Marggraf in 1746. Zinc is used extensively to galvanise other metals to stop rusting.

5184 Zinc Surprise Major
Christopher T Osenton

M W H 23456
  2 1 43526
  2 2 25346
2   1 26543
2   1 23645

Repeat twice. 4ths place calls

Music: 132 crus inc 20 56s & 24 65s, 12 8765s & 8756s, 41 LB4
Off front: 9 5678 & 6578s, 11 8765s, 12 8756s, 57 LB4, backrounds

True to le j with falseness groups abcdef XYZ

Rung at Barrow Gurney, 30 January 1980

5120 Zinc Surprise Major
see 5120 Zircon Surprise Major
Music: 136 crus, inc 23 56s & 24 65s, 9 8765s & 12 8756s, 45 LB4
Off front: 9 5678s, 8 6578s, 11 8765s, 10 8756s, 52 LB4, backrounds

Zirconium Surprise Major

PN: &38-38.14-12-38-34-58-14-58 le 12 17856342 (c)
FG: BDK

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Zirconium, from Zircon, the semi-precious gemstone in which it was discovered in 1789, is a lustrous, grey-white, transition metal with atomic number 40. It is often used in alloys due to its high resistance to corrosion and is also used in the nuclear industry because it is relatively unaffected by neutrons.

5152 Zirconium Surprise Major
A J Cox

M  V I  W B H 23456
        3   2 34256
-         2 - 45362
- (-        - 237546
     x)     - 23564

Repeat twice omitting calls within brackets

Music: 71 crus inc 19 56s & 5 65s, 2 8765s, 13 7685s, 10 5867s, 34 LB4
Off front: 6 6578s, 2 8756s, 36 LB4

True to le c with falseness groups BDK acd Z

Rung at Bristol Cathedral, 19 January 1979


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